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November •1948 


Publishers: Deseret Sunday School Union, 50 North Main Street, Salt Lake City, Utah. Published 
the first of every month at Salt Lake City, Utah. Price $1.00 per year, payable in advance. 
Entered at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, as Second Class matter. Acceptable for mailing at special 
rate of postage provided in Section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized on July 8, 1928. 

Copyright 1948, by George Albert Smith for the Deseret Sunday School Union Board. 


Editorial — Health for Happiness and Efficiency — Milton Bennion 497 

Our Cover Picture — Thomas C. Komney 500 

Latter-day Saint Settlement in Canada — C. Frank Steele 502 

The Book of Mormon — A Guide to Religious Living — 

Lowell L. Bennion , 507 

Latter-day Saint Colonization in Mexico — Thomas C. Kominey 511 

My Journal — George A. Smith 515 

Book Review, The Luminous Trail, by Rufus M. Jones — 

Milton Bennion i - 5 1 9 

New Board Member 52 

The 1949 Conventions 521 

References for January Lessons . 537 

Superintendents —_ 526 Ward Faculty — 

Secretaries 531 Teacher Improvement 534 

Librarians 532 Teacher Training 536 

Sacramental Music and Gem 53 3 Junior Sunday School __ 544 

Humor, Wit and Wisdom 548 


Prudence, the Pioneer — Clarence Mansfield Lindsay. Peggy Finds A Play- 
mate — Lois Brant. The Red Book In the Dusty Road — Mary Bosworth. 
Young Writers and Artists. Poems of Thanks. Mission Lessons. 



Official Organ of the Sunday Schools of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 

Devoted to the Study of What to Teach and How to Teach 

according to the Restored Gospel 

Editors: President George Albert Smith, Milton Bennion; Manager: Richard E. Folland 
Contributing Editor: Wendell J. Ashton; Editorial Secretary: Lois Clayton 

criealth for uiappiness and iofficiencyi 


'T'HE material resources of the earth are for the use of 
all mankind. These resources become valued in 
proportion to their utility. Supply and demand, 
however, unrestricted by business monopolies or gov- 
ernment controls, generally determine prices on the 
markets. This is not the only determiner of real val- 
ues. Air, for instance, is one of the greatest of all 
physical needs; without it human life would quickly 
perish. Man may safely abstain from food (fast) 
much longer than he caji go without water. Thus 
where drinking water is short of demand the price 
may rise far above the price of food. 

We may be very thankful that nature has supplied 
us so abundantly with our most necessary physical 
needs. It remains for man to have wisdom enough to 
make best use of them in promoting his health and 
efficiency. A breath of fresh air and a drink of water, 
under some circumstances, gives a person a new stimu- 
lus to perform useful work, either physical or mental. 
The same is true of exercise of brain or brawn in pro- 



portion to one's age and condition. Many lives are 
lost because of inattention to these matters and others 
which have nothing to do with the high cost of living. 
As in spiritual matters we often neglect to profit by 
our daily associations with humble, unassuming people 
from whom we might gain much wisdom, so in ma- 
terial things we may fail even to think of some of the 
more abundant and commonplace sources of food 
■ while we pay high prices for less nutritious and less 
health-giving popular foods. The dandelion is a not- 
able example of this neglect. This may be due to the 
fact that it is a common pest in lawns and roadsides 
where it may be covered with dust, tramped under 
foot and further contaminated by dogs and cats. Un- 
der these conditions it is rightly called a weed — some- 
thing that "grows where you don't want it to grow." 
In this light the most valuable plants may become 
weeds. Volunteer dandelions, however, also grow in 
places where they are no more subject to contamina- 
tion than are other green leaf vegetables grown in gar- 
dens or on truck farms. The leaves of this plant are 
among the most valuable sources of some of the es- 
sentials of good nutrition — vitamins and minerals. 
These leaves when gathered in the early stage of their 
growth and used while fresh in salads will contribute 
much to health without serious interference with 
happiness. It is, of course, necessary to overcome 
prejudice and to acquire some skill in the preparation 
of salads. 

Parsley, although a highly valuable food, is com- 
monly used for table decoration only. This is so gen- 
erally the practice that most lists of foods with their 
scientifically determined food values omit parsley. 
Health counters, however, properly offer carrot juice 
with parsley juice added. This combination is partly 


because parsley juice itself is bitter, but mixed with a 
liberal amount of carrot juice it may be less bitter than 
lager beer, so much relished by those who have culti- 
vated a taste for it. In relation to human well being, 
however, fresh vegetable juices are among the most 
valuable foods while the beer is a habit forming in- 
toxicant that often leads to alcoholism. 

Mental states generally aflfect physical health and 
vice versa. There are persons who can be cheerful 
notwithstanding their illness. It is said of some people 
that they enjoy poor health. They are never without 
something to talk about. This, however, does not 
change the fact that good health, both physical and 
mental, contributes much toward the happiness of in- 
dividuals and communities, provided right use is made 
of this great human asset. This is a fundamental prin- 
ciple of the Latter-day Saints. It is worthy of more 
thorough study and universal practice. 


Dr. Martin Hayes Bickham, having in mind the frequently uttered 
statement that alcohol is used for purposes of "escape," deplores over- 
emphasis upon the "disease" implication of alcoholism. This, he says, is 
escapism in three major directions: 

1. The drinker escapes his moral responsibility for taking alcohol 
into his body. 

2. The Uquor traffic escapes its moral responsibility for the end re- 
sults of its business. 

3. Some students of the problem escape from the moral responsibility 
of accepting the logic of the facts involved. 

In the words of Dr. Andrew C. Ivy, distinguished medical educator 
of Chicago, "It is not scientific to ignore the fundamental fact that man 
is a moral being and, therefore, has responsibilities." 

Alcoholism is a sickness, self induced, and the major part of the 
responsibility for the sickness rests upon the alcoholic himself. 


(yar Cover [Picture 

C^EW women in the history of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints have left as great 
a record of service as has EHzabeth 
Ivins, the wife of our late beloved 
President Anthony W. Ivins. 

To her family and friends she was 
affectionately known as "Libbie." 
She wa« the daughter of the great 
apostle, Erastus Snow, and Eliza- 
beth Ashby Snow, and from her 
parents she inherited those noble 
qualities which so eminently fitted 
her for the arduous duties incident 
to a hfe on the frontiers and in 
settlements requiring faith, cour- 
age and nobility of character to 
found and develop into prosperous 

Her pioneering began when her 
father was called by President 
Young to leave his home in Salt 
Lake City, to preside over the 
"Dixie Mission" in southern Utah. 
This was in the year 1861, when 
Libbie was but seven years of age, 
but well she remembered that joiur- 
ney in a lumber wagon, which re- 
quired a month's time from Salt 
Lake City to what is now Saint 
George, more than three hundred 
miles to the south. It was an event- 
ful trip for Libbie, for in the com- 
pany was her future husband, a lad 
of nine, with whom she became ac- 
quainted. They were to be close 
friends and companions as they de- 
veloped into manhood and woman- 

hood, when they embarked upon 
the sea of matrimony, a voyage 
which was to last throughout time 
and eternity. 

Libbie relates that while on their 
journey southward, her mother cut 
off her long black curls because of 
the great amount of work required 
in caring for them, and left them 
hanging on a bush to be scattered 
by the wind. 

In after years, Libbie gave her 
impressions of conditions at the end 
of their long and tedious journey: 
"As we drove onto the camp site 
outside of St. George, the first per- 
sons I saw were two women look- 
ing over their new home. I thought 
they were the tallest women I had 
ever seen. They were my husband's 
mother and sister, whom I had never 
seen before, although I had met him 
on the trip down. I have often won- 
dered since what those two women 
must have been thinking as they 
looked over the barren, uninviting 
country that was to be their home." 

The first winter was lived in 
tents, and when spring came the 
Snows moved to the townsite which 
had been selected by Erastus Snow 
and surveyed by Israel Ivins, the 
father of Anthony. For two years 
their only shelter was a tent, and 
in such a habitation a sister of Lib- 
bie was born. Libbie remembers 
waking one night and seeing from 
her trundle bed her mother standing 


in the middle of the tent holding 
the pole upright while her father 
drove into the ground the anchor 
stakes that had been torn up by the 

President Yoting spent consider- 
able time in St. George during the 
winters and frequently he was a 
guest at the home of Erastus Snow. 
Of these occurrences Sister Ivins 
said: "I have often thought since 
then that he (Pres. Young) must 
have felt a special care for these 
people he had sent into such a for- 
bidding country. My acquaintance 
with Pres. Young dated from this 
time and I learned to think of him 
as the greatest man I knew." 

Time brought great changes to 
St. George. From a tented village it 
grew to be a city of fine homes. 
Erastus Snow built the "big house" 
for his wife Elizabeth and her fami- 
ly, and at this place prominent peo- 
ple were frequently entertained. 
Among them was Col. Thomas L. 
Kane, a friend and benefactor of 
the Latter-day Saints. He and his 
wife and two children shared the 
hospitality of the Snow family dur- 
ing the greater part of a winter. The 
mother of Libbie gave up her bed- 
room for them and cooked their 
meals, and Libbie remained from 
school to help about the house. 

Years passed and Libbie had 
grown from girlhood to woman- 
hood, and her dreams of wifehood 
were realized when Anthony Wood- 
ward Ivins took her to the altar to 
be his wife for time and eternity. 
Their marriage was a happy one 

and from that union have come 
eight splendid children, the eldest 
son, Antoine, being one of the 
General Authorities of the Church. 
The Ivins family had gathered 
around them many comforts; the 
husband and father had been hon- 
ored with responsible positions in 
the Church, and the prospects bid 
fair to his becoming the chief ex- 
ecutive of his state, when the voice 
of the Lord, through his prophet, 
called him to Old Mexico to pre- 
side over a stake soon to be organ- 
ized in that far-oj6f country. 

The call came as a shock to both 
of them but courageously they re- 
sponded to the voice of the priest- 
hood, and what a blessing it was 
to the Saints in Mexico. For twelve 
years President Ivins presided over 
the Juarez Stake of Zion, ably as- 
sisted by his charming and intelli- 
gent wife. During that time the 
Mormon colonies developed by 
leaps and bounds in things of a ma- 
terial and spiritual character. 

Finally the same authority that 
called President Ivins and his wife 
and children to old Mexico released 
them to return to their native soil. 
President Ivins to serve as a mem- 
ber of the Quortmi of Twelve, and 
later as a counselor to the presi- 
dent of the Church. In these posi- 
tions, as in all others held by this 
servant of the Lord, Sister Ivins 
stood loyally and faithfully by him, 
giving him all the support that lay 
within her power. She was a wo- 
man whose love and devotion for 
— more on page 535 

JLatter-day^ Saint Settiement 
in i^anaaa 



r^EAN of Church of Jesus Christ 
of Latter-day Saints leaders in 
Canada is Edward J. Wood, until 
recently president of the Alberta 
Temple and former president of the 
Alberta Stake of 2ion. Although 
now numbered among the older 
leaders of the Church, President 
Wood retains much of his fine, 
physical vigor and warmth and 
all the charm and graciousness of 
personality that has endeared him 
to thousands. Moreover, the pro- 
found reaches of his spirit are a 
living inspiration. 

A Jewish scholar who had met 
and later listened to an address by 
President Wood exclaimed in trib- 
ute: "Here we have a man who 
walks with God. To see him stand- 
ing serene and erect and filled with 
his holy message reminds one of the 
prophets of old." 

During President Wood's early 
years as stake president he instituted 
tours of the so-called "northern 
wards" of the Alberta Stake. First 
by buggy and democrat, later by 
car President Wood and his party 
made these memorable visits. They 
were spiritual feasts to the people 
removed from the stake headquar- 
ters and pioneering new frontiers of 

the Church in Canada. In time they 
became traditional and are held to 
this day although the "northern 
wards" are now a part of the Leth- 
bridge Stake. Every session is 
thronged with Saints and their 
friends and neighbors with hearts 
open to receive the Bread of Life 
from this beloved leader. These con- 
ferences have become a real mission- 
ary force in the communities. 

Edward J. Wood was born iix 
Salt Lake City on October 27, 1866, 
the son of William Wood and EUza- 
beth Gentry Wood. WilHam Wood 
was born in England, a veteran of 
the Crimean War, a butcher by 
trade and a devout Latter-day Saint. 
He had a rare faculty for making 
stories from his eventful life on land 
and sea aHve and fascinating. His 
son Edward inherited that gift. 

In his youth Edward J. Wood — 
he was called "Teddy" by his school 
friends in Salt Lake — accompanied 
his parents on a colonization mission 
into the Dixie country, at the time 
practically unsettled. The spot on 
which the Woods hved for five years 
is now covered by a section of the 
lake created by the Boulder Dam. 

During his years in Salt Lake City 
"Teddy" Wood was a student at one 


of the early-day schools and later 
entered the University of Deseret. 
The amateur theatre, athletics and 
Church work also claimed his inter- 
est so that his training was well 
rounded and practical. At the age 
of twenty-one he was called on his 
first mission to the South Sea Islands. 

During the following four years 
he traveled 9000 miles by boat and 
native canoe in the performance of 
his missionary labors. Twice he was 
shipwrecked, often he was the only 
white person on an island populated 
by natives and in all these experi- 
ences, he bears testimony, he wit- 
nessed the overruling hand of God 
in his behalf. His life was preserved 
and he won the respect and love of 
the people of the Islands. It was dur- 
ing his early missionary travels in 
Samoa that he met Robert Louis 
Stevenson, poet and novelist, who 
was in those tropic isles in search 
of health. President Wood became 
an ardent admirer of Stevenson, 
who was friendly with the mission- 
aries and often spoke in their de- 

In 1892 Elder Wood was re- 
leased, returned to his Salt Lake 
City home, went to work in a fur- 
niture store and married Mary Ann 
Solomon. Four years later he was 
again called to labor in the South 
Pacific, this time to preside over the 
Samoan Mission. He left his wife 
and two children at home and pro- 
ceeded to his field of labor. With 
characteristic zeal he led in the es- 
tablishment of branches and schools 
on the main islands. He wrote sev- 

eral tracts and translated the Book 
of Mormon and a gospel catechism 
into the native tongue. At the end 
of his mission in Samoa he was 
called by the General Authorities 
to make an organizational tour of 
the Friendly Islands, a duty he 
faithfully performed. 

It was in 1901 that Edward J. 
Wood was called to yet another 
mission, this one destined to change 


the whole current of his life. Presi- 
dent Joseph F. Smith asked him to 
proceed to Cardston on a special 
mission in the Interests of the Mu- 
tual Improvement Association. He 
responded to this new call and was 
so deeply impressed with the Can- 



adian country and the new settle- 
ments there that he decided to make 
his home in Alberta. The Canadian 
"West at the time was astir with the 
buoyant spirit of an empire in the 
making and this appealed to him. 

That very same year this man of 
decision moved his wife and family 
to Cardston. It has been his home 
ever since. In 1902 he became a 
counselor to President H. S. Allen 
in the Alberta Stake presidency. 
The next year President Allen was 
called to preside over the new Taylor 
Stake at Raymond and was succeed- 
in the Alberta Stake presidency by 
President Wood, who held this po- 
sition for 39 years. 

It was in 1906 that President 
Wood undertook a major task in 
behalf of his people. He took up 
with the Church the matter of the 
purchase of the Cochrane Ranch as 
a colonization project as he felt 
that this choice tract should be ac- 
quired for settlement by Latter-day 
Saint families. The ranch eventual- 
ly was bought by the Church, as 
has already been related in this his- 
torical series, and President Wood 
was largely instrumental in coloniz- 
ing the lands. 

It was in 1909 that the president 
enjoyed a pleasant interlude in his 
busy life when he accompanied a 
consignment of Mormon Church 
Ranch cattle — the Church had been 
operating a cattle ranch at Caldwell 
— to England. After visiting Eng- 
land and other parts of the United 
Kingdom he proceeded to France 
and toured that country before re- 

turning to Canada. The next year 
he journeyed to Ottawa and was 
there instrumental in securing 140,- 
000 acres of grazing leases on the 
Blood Indian reserve for the stock- 
men of his stake, an example of his 
diversity of interests and his influ- 
ence in governmental circles. 

Seeing the need of a stake taber- 
nacle at Cardston the president un- 
dertook a building program in 1911 
to provide these facilities and in 
1914, as he saw his people move 
with the rest of Canada into the 
Great War, this imposing edifice 
was completed. When plans were 
made in 1913 for the building of 
the Alberta Temple at Cardston, 
President Wood was made chairman 
of the building committee and at 
the time of the dedication of the 
Temple in 1923 by President Heber 
J. Grant he was called to be presi- 
dent of the Temple. He held this 
position until recently when he was 
made patriarch of the stake and 
through his devoted ministry is 
known and loved by thousands 
throughout the Church. 

President Wood's labors as a for- 
eign missionary were restmied when 
in 1917 he was called on his third 
mission — it was a year in duration 
— to the South Sea Islands. There 
by appointment he organized the 
Tongan Mission, setting apart as its 
president, Elder Willard L. Smith 
of Cardston. And he by an inter- 
esting coincidence succeeded Presi- 
dent Wood as head of the Alberta 
Stake. He was also first counselor 
to President Wood in the Alberta 
Temple presidency. 


During his ministry, and particu- 
larly in connection with his work 
at the temple, President Wood has 
been blessed by many remarkable 
manifestations of the Spirit of the 
Lord. He has been favored of God 
in his labors in the priesthood at 
home and abroad and one of these 
impressive experiences in the form 
of a dream, he relates as follows: 

"A few years ago, to save time 
for the General Authorities in Salt 
Lake, each of the three Canadian 
Stakes took turns in holding their 
quarterly conferences in the middle 
of the week. 

"It was our turn — the Alberta 
Stake — to hold our Quarterly Con- 
ference on Sunday, but I received 
a wire from President Rudger Claw- 
son who was then the president of 
the Quorum of the Twelve, and 
who made the different appoint- 
ments of the members of the Coun- 
cil — asking me what we thought of 
holding our coming conference as a 
mid-week conference instead of the 
Sunday as was our schedule, I im- 
mediately wired to President Claw- 
son that his wish was ours. His an- 
swer was that our conference would 
be held the coming Thursday and 

"The following Tuesday I re- 
ceived a wire from Great Falls to 
meet the bus that evening here at 

"To my agreeable surprise Bro- 
ther Ballard got off the bus. I told 
him I was glad to see him. He an- 
swered, T was to go to another 
stake, but because of your willing- 
ness to hold your conference in the 

middle of the week instead of ort 
Sunday, I asked to be sent here/ 

"Sister Wood, who has enter- 
tained the General Authorities at 
Conference and sundry times, was 
naturally anxious to see who had 
come to attend our conference. 
When she saw it was Brother Bal- 
lard getting out of the car, she 
stood on the porch to receive him, 
and told him she was very glad he 
had come. He said to her, 'I too am 
glad to be here, as I feel impressed 
that this will be my last visit here.' 
Sister Wood told him not to feel 
that way, but to come in and lie 
down and rest a few minutes. She 
could see at once that he looked 
very tired and worn out. 

"The next morning — ^Wednesday 
— we took him to our temple de- 
votional meeting at 9 a.m. He ad- 
dressed the good number present in 
his usual fine, spirited way. 

"Sister Wood, as everyone here 
knows, has been very deaf for many 
years and never hears a word with- 
out the hearing aid. This morning 
she seemed almost carried away in 
listening to the remarks of Brother 
Ballard. At the close of the meeting 
she walked up and shook hands with 
Brother Ballard and told him she 
had heard every word he said. Tears 
were in the eyes of both as he said, 
T am glad you could hear me, as 
you may never hear me again.' 

"The next day, Thursday, our 
quarterly conference assembled in 
our stake tabernacle with one of 
the largest crowds ever to meet 

. "Upon Brother Ballard's reaching 



home after his visit to us, he was 
stricken with an illness that took 
him to the hospital. 

"The Deseret News mentioned 
that Brother Ballard was in the hos- 
pital and seemed in a serious con- 
dition — ^much to the surprise of the 
Church in general — and here in 
Cardston and in our own home, we 
thought of and worried about the 
premonition he spoke of to Sister 
Wood both in our home and in the 
temple. Taking the daily News as 
we have done for years, we read 
with regret the report of his condi- 
tion not being very good, but prayed 
always that he would soon be able 
to return to his home from the hos- 

"Our stake officers meet on Fast 
Sunday evening in special prayer 
circle at a given time. 

"I had a few minutes to spare be- 
fore going to the prayer circle so 
I took the Book of Mormon and sat 
at the cable, and as I opened it to 
read, I seemed carried away in a 
dream, and dreamed I was in the 
temple meeting with a company 
who had finished their ordinance 
work and were waiting for me to 
take them in the sealing room. As 
I often do, I asked them whom 
they were waiting for — they an- 
swered 'for Brother Ballard,' which 
statement surprised me, and I said 
'Brother Ballard isn't in this com- 
pany, is he?' Before they answered 
me, I turned toward the veil, and 
went to meet Brother Ballard who 
had just come through to join the 
company — and I awoke from my 


dream, and told Sister Wood that I 
had had a very strange dream about 
Brother Ballard. She answered, she 
felt sure Brother Ballard was al- 

"I went to the circle meeting as 
usual, and while seated the brethren 
were coming in. One Brother 
walked over to me and said, 'It has 
just come over the radio that Bro- 
ther Ballard has passed away.' I then 
told the brethren assembled the 
dream I had had before leaving 
home, which was as a testimony to 
us all that we pass out of this mortal 
condition as by a call and appoint- 
ment to further our labors in the 
World of Spirits. This testimony 
should be of much comfort to all 
who are bereaved. 

"During my short 'stay' here, I 
have had several manifestations and 
experiences to strengthen my testi- 
mony of the divinity of the mission 
of the Prophet Joseph Smith, and 
of the positive truth of the restored 
gospel of Jesus Christ, and of the 
authority and divinely organized 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints as revealed to the Prophet 
Joseph Smith, and by divine revela- 
tion his being called to organize the 

"It has been my privilege to bear 
this humble testimony on my three 
visits to the Polynesian Islands and 
Australia in the Pacific, also while 
visiting Great Britain and the con- 
tinent and many missions in the U. 
S. and Canada, and in conclusion I 
quote the promise of the scripture 
made to all, 'If any man will do 
— more on page 5iO 

oJne [Book of ifiorinon — 
Kyi y^uide to LKeugious JLiving 




EPHiTE writers possessed a fine Nephi, Chapters 28, 29, and 31:1- 
understanding of the Gospel of 3.) He speaks from time to time, 
Jesus Christ. They taught it with "here a Httle and there a little," and 
power and conviction. To them it therefore it becometh every man to 
was man's guide to happiness and remain humble, to be receptive to 
salvation. truth, and to seek the fuller mean- 
It is interesting to note that their ing of truths already revealed, 
strong convictions did not lead to "Therefore, wo be unto him that 
arrogance nor intolerance but were is at ease in Zion! Wo be unto him 
associated with humility and toler- that crieth: All is well! Yea, wo be 
ance. Theirs was a view of God and unto him that hearkeneth unto the 
his revelations to men worthy of the precepts of men, and denieth the 
Creator of all men. They were power of God, and the gift of the 
humble about their own knowledge Holy Ghost! Yea, wo be unto him 
of truth and they also recognized that saith: We have received, and 
the Lord as the fountain of good- we need no more! Wo be unto him 
ness and truth among peoples of all that shall say: We have received the 
nations. This combination of con- word of God, and we need no more 
viction and tolerance in the Book of of the word of God, for we have 
Mormon is both inspiring and in- enough! For behold, thus saith the 
triguing. Lord God: I will give unto the chil- 
It is our aim in this article to dren of men line upon line, precept 
illustrate the humility and toler- upon precept, here a little and there 
ance for God's revelations to all men a Httle; and blessed are those who 
entertained by these Nephite writers hearken unto my precepts, and lend 
who were unwavering in their own an ear unto my counsel, for they 
convictions. shall learn wisdom; for unto him 
HUMILITY ^^^^ receiveth I will give more; and 

from them that shall say, we have 

The Book of Mormon contains enough, from them shall be taken 

several choice passages on how God away even that which they have, 

speaks to man. (Note especially II (II Nephi 28:24, 26, 27, 29, 30.) 



How true of life everywhere — ^in 
science, in art, in daily life, in re- 
ligion — ^is the above statement. As 
soon as one says, "I know it all," he 
not only fails to learn more but he 
even forgets part of that which he 
knows. Truth and virtue and every 
good thing must be cultivated if 
they are to be retained. Likewise, he 
who receives with an open and eager 
mind and a contrite heart will al- 
ways receive more. This is true in 
religion as in every other walk of 

Continuous revelation is one of 
the great themes of the Book of 
Mormon. That concept itself implies 
conviction and also a tolerance for 
new truths and for finer under- 
standings and better applications of 
truths already revealed. 


The Lord made it clear to Nephi 
that when the Nephite record would 
one day come forth among the Gen- 
tiles, they would not accept it, but 
would say, "A Bible! A Bible! We 
have got a Bible, and there cannot 
be any more Bible." (II Nephi 

: In reply to this objection the 
Lord inspired Nephi with a dynamic 
conception of how He operates 
among the children of men. 

"Know ye not that there are 
more nations than one? Know ye 
not that I, the Lord your God, have 
created all men, and that I remem- 
ber those who are upon the isles of 
the sea; and that I rule in the heav- 

ens above and in the earth beneath; 
and I bring forth my word unto the 
children of men, yea, even upon all 
the nations of the earth? Wherefore 
murmur ye, because that ye shall re- 
ceive more of my word? Know ye 
not that the testimony of two na- 
tions is a witness unto you that I 
am God, that I remember one na- 
tion like unto another? Wherefore, 
I speak the same words unto one 
nation like unto another. And when 
the two nations shall run together 
the testimony of the two nations 
shall run together also. And I do 
this that I may prove unto many 
that I am the same yesterday, today, 
and forever; and that I speak forth 
my words according to mine own 
pleasure. And because that I have 
spoken one word ye need not sup- 
pose that I cannot speak another; 
for my work is not yet finished; 
neither shall it be until the end of 
man, neither from that time hence- 
forth and forever. Wherefore, be- 
cause that ye have a Bible ye need 
not suppose that it contains all my 
words; neither need ye suppose that 
I have not caused more to be writ- 
ten. For I command all men, both 
in the east and in the west, and in 
the north, and in the south, and in 
the islands of the sea, that they shall 
write the words which I speak unto 
them; for out of the books which 
shall be written I will judge the 
world, every man according to their 
works, according to that which is 
written. For behold, I shall speak 
unto the Jews and they shall write 
it; and I shall also speak unto the 


Nephites and they shall write it; and 
I shall also speak unto the other 
tribes of the house of Israel, which 
I have led away, and they shall 
write it; and I shall also speak unto 
all nations of the earth and they 
shall write it." (II Nephi 29:7-12.) 

Alma, the younger, who had 
been a rebel in his youth, repented 
and became a great missionary for 
the Church. He was so filled with 
a love of Christ that he wished to 
convert the whole world. 

"O that I were an angel, and 
could have the wish of mine heart, 
that I might go forth and speak 
with the trump of God, with a voice 
to shake the earth, and cry repent- 
ance unto every people! Yea, I 
would declare unto every soul, as 
with the voice of thunder, repent- 
ance and the plan of redemption, 
that they should repent and come 
unto our God, that there might not 
be more sorrow upon all the face of 
the earth." (Alma 29:1, 2.) 

Upon reflection Alma realized 
that he could not convert the whole 
world. He recognized too that the 
Lord inspired men of all nations to 
teach His word — even as much as 
they can understand. He therefore 
retracted his wish. 

"But behold, I am a man, and do 
sin in my wish; for I ought to be 
content with the things which the 
Lord hath allotted unto me. I ought 
not to harrow up in my desires, the 
firm decree of a just God, for I 
know that he granteth unto men 
according to their desire, whether it 
be unto death or unto life; yea, I 

know that he allotteth unto men ac- 
cording to their wills, whether they 
be unto salvation or unto destruc- 
tion. Yea, and I know that good and 
evil have come before all men; he 
that knoweth not good from evil 
is blameless; but he that knoweth 
good and evil, to him it is given 
according to his desires, whether he 
desireth good or evil, life or death, 
joy or remorse of conscience. Now, 
seeing that I know these things, 
why should I desire more than to 
perform the work to which I have 
been called? Why should I desire 
that I were an angel, that I could 
speak unto all the ends of the earth? 
For behold, the Lord doth grant 
unto all nations, of their own nation 
and tongue, to teach his word, yea, 
in wisdom, all that he seeth fit that 
they should have; therefore we see 
that the Lord doth counsel in wis- 
dom, according to that which is 
just and true." (Alma 29:3-8.) 


Not only may men of all nations 
and every tongue be inspired of 
God, but everything that is good 
or everything "that inviteth and en- 
ticeth to do good" is of God. This 
is interestingly stated throughout 
the Book of Mormon. 

"For I say unto you that what- 
soever is good cometh from God, 
and whatsoever is evil cometh from 
the Devil." (Alma 5:40.) 

"Wherefore, all things which are 
good cometh of God; and that 
which is evil cometh of the devil; . 
for the devil is an enemy unto God, 



and fighteth against him continual- 
ly, and inviteth and enticeth to sin, 
and to do that which is evil con- 
tinually. But behold, that which is 
of God inviteth and enticeth to do 
good continually, wherefore, every- 
thing which inviteth and enticeth 
to do good and to love God, and to 
serve him, is inspired of God. 
Wherefore, take heed, my beloved 
brethren, that ye do not judge 
that which is evil to be of God, 
or that which is good and of God 
to be of the devil. For behold, 
my brethren. It is given unto you 
to judge, that ye may know good 
from evil; and the way to judge 
is as plain, that ye may know 
with a perfect knowledge, as the 
daylight is from the dark night. 
For behold, the spirit of Christ is 
given to every man, that he may 
know good from evil; wherefore, 
I show unto you the way to judge; 
for every thing which inviteth to 
do good, and to persuade to believe 
in Christ, is sent forth by the 
power and gift of Christ; where- 
fore ye may know with a perfect 
knowledge it is of God." (Moroni 
7:12-16; read the entire chapter.) 


Book of Mormon writers speak 
for God with authority and con- 
viction. Yet they recognize clearly 
that there is much more truth to 
be revealed and also that men of all 
nations are inspired of God. They 
see the Lord at work among men 
everywhere persuading them to do 

Latter-day Saints today may well 


cultivate these same Book of Mor- 
mon attitudes. Ours is the restored 
Gospel of Jesus Christ and we be- 
long to His Church. But there is 
much we do not understand nor 
fully appreciate about the gospel. 
We are as children in our knowl- 
edge of the things of God. "BeHeve," 
said King Benjamin, "That man 
doth not comprehend all the things 
which the Lord can comprehend." 
(Mosiah 4:9.) 

Nor do we have a monopoly on 
truth. The Lord has raised up wise 
men in every nation, "to teach his 
word, yea, in wisdom, all that he 
seeth fit that they should have." 
(Alma 29:8.) Religious leaders, 
philosophers, poets, scientists, and 
men of good will everywhere have 
been led to truth and have taught 
things consistent with the great 
teachings of Jesus. 

As followers of Jesus Christ we 
can be confident that we have with- 
in our reach the fullest revelation 
of God to man. 

Ours is the responsibility to un- 
derstand and to live the truth and 
thereby demonstrate humbly to the 
world our conception of truth and 

We learn, too, from the Book of 
Mormon that no one has any 
monopoly on goodness. "For the 
spirit of Christ is given to every 
man, that he may know good from 
evil." (Moroni 7:16.) Goodness 
everywhere and among all men is 
inspired of God. 

— more on page 518 

JLatter-daii Saint (colonization 
in niexico 



Coon after his arrival in Mexico, 
Elder Thatcher formed an ac- 
quaintance with a Belgian gentle- 
man by the name of Emelio Bie- 
buyck, who had a liberal concession 
from the Mexican government, 
granting him permission to establish 
colonies in any of the states of 
Mexico. In casting about for colo- 
nists, Mr. Biebuyck concluded that 
"the Mormons were the best colo- 
nists in the world." Elder Thatcher 
was so favorably impressed with his 
proposition that he left for Salt 
Lake City February 4, 1880, to 
place the matter before the First 
Presidency of the Church and the 
Twelve Apostles. The Council, fol- 
lowing a careful consideration of 
the matter, reached the conclusion 
"that the colonization of the Latter- 
day Saints in Mexico at this time, 
even under the generous conces- 
sions of the contract mentioned, 
would be premature." 

In October, 1880, Elder Thatcher 
accompanied by a talented young 
man by the name of Feramorz 
Young, returned to Mexico City. 
Soon after his arrival, through the 
courtesy of General Greenwood, 
formerly of Roanoke, Virginia, the 
apostle was accorded an interview 

with several of the Cabinet mem- 
bers of the Mexican government, 
among them Senor Zorate, Minister 
of Foreign Affairs, Fernandez Leal, 
Minister of Fomento, (public works 
and colonization) and Carlos Pa- 
checo. Minister of War. 

Leal had previously visited Utah 
and greatly admired the pluck of 
her enterprising and prosperous 
citizens whom he regarded as the 
best colonizers of the world. To such 
people he said he would extend the 
hand of fellowship and hoped many 
of them would come to Mexico to 
make their homes. The one-legged 
hero of Puebla, General Pacheco, 
and the most powerful man in 
Mexico next to President Diaz, 
granted audience to brother Thatch- 
er while scores of army officers 
stood without waiting to be heard. 
The general, without solicitation, 
presented Elder Thatcher with let- 
ters of introduction and recom- 
mendation to the chief executives 
of the various states of the Mexican 
union. Later the apostle interviewed 
Senor Ignacio Maris cal, who had 
come to the head of Foreign Affairs. 
Of him Elder Thatcher had this to 
say, "A brainy man of brilliant at- 
tainments and a perfect gentleman, 



the master of several languages. He Elder Ivins received a letter from 

is familiar with the Saints ftom Heber J. Grant, an apostle of the 

the beginning." Church, asking him to look out for 

The year 1881 looked promising suitable places for colonization in 
for the work of the Lord in Mexico. Mexico and to ascertain how the 
On April 6, exactly fifty-one years Mexican government would feel re- 
after the organization of the garding the establishment of Mor- 
Church, Mormon Elders, under the mon colonies near the boundary 
leadership of Moses Thatcher, held hne. 

the first conference of the Church In the spring of 1883 Brother 

in Mexico on Mount Popocatapetal. Wilcken was released from his po- 

The mountain stands fifty miles sition and Moses Thatcher was again 

southeast of Mexico City and is one sustained as president of the mis- 

of the highest mountains in the sion with Anthony W. Ivins as act- 

RepubHc, having an elevation of ing president. Two new elders, He- 

17,000 feet. The devotees of the leman Pratt and Franklin R. Snow, 

Church were a day and a half reach- arrived from Utah to augment the 

ing the top, but the inspiration limited number of missionaries, but 

that came to them above the clouds their arrival was offset by the de- 

fully compensated them for their parture in the following spring of 

struggle. In August Elder Thatcher Brothers Ivins and Milson R. Pratt, 

was able to report sixty -one bap- who had been released with the re- 

tisms since the estabUshment of the quest that they arrive in Salt Lake 

Mexican Mission. In the fall of 1881 City in time for the April confer- 

he received his release to return ence. The mission of Elder Ivins 

home and accordingly made immed- had been unusually successful, as 

iate preparations for his homeward evidenced by the fact that he had 

journey. Accompanying him were baptized fifty-seven natives whom 

Feramorz Young and Fernando he had personally converted. 

Lara, a native convert, but Elder Following the release of Presi- 

Young took sick and died of typhoid Jent Ivins, Heleman Pratt succeed- 

pneumonia aboard the vessel, and gj to the presidency of the mission, 

was buried at sea when within Laboring under him were FrankHn 

twenty miles of the Florida coast. R. Snow, Isaac Stewart, Horace H. 

With the release of Apostle Cummings, and William Cluff — a 

Thatcher, August Wilcken was ap- small force, but the elders were 

pointed to preside over the Mexi- very energetic and their work proved 

can Mission. In May, 1882, Anthony effective, judging by the numbers 

W. Ivins and Milson R. Pratt ar- who were added to the Church, 

rived in Vera Cruz as missionaries Thus far the missionaries had con- 

and on the following day left for fined their labors to Mexico City 

Mexico City. Soon after his arrival and adjacent territory, but in No- 


vember, 1887, Ammon M. Tenney, 
Peter I. Christofferson, Charles Ed- 
mund Richardson and Gilbert D, 
Greer were called on a mission to 
the State of Sonora. Their homes 
were at Springerville, Arizona, and 
their journey to the mission field 
was an arduous one but they were 
happy to engage in the work, know- 
ing that they had been called by 
revelation. On February 9, 1888, 
the elders baptized fifteen converts, 
the first to accept Mormonism in 
what was known as the Sonora 
Mission. Late in June the same year 
the elders returned to their home 
in Springerville, after having added 
a few more to the Church through 
baptism. Since leaving his home. 
Elder Ammon M. Tenney reported 
that he had traveled over 2,000 
miles, which is no mean distance 
when account is taken of the method 
of travel in those days. 

Brother Tenney's name ranks 
high among the valiant ones who 
gave of their services to the con- 
verting of the Lamanites. For well- 
nigh a quarter of a century he dedi- 
cated his life to that service, and 
during those years he suffered al- 
most untold hardships and brooked 
the dangers of the deserts and moun- 
tains, wild animals and savage In- 
dians, to bring the gospel of the 
Master to a benighted people. A re- 
port of his labors from November 
1887 to September 1890, shows that 
Elder Tenney traveled 5,000 miles 
by team, horseback and on foot. 
During that period he preached 137 
times and baptized 111 souls. 

The missionary work among the 
natives of Mexico continued until 
the turbulent times following the 
Madero Revolution when the Mor- 
mon elders were withdrawn because 
of intense opposition to all foreign 
ministers. At the time of the with- 
drawal of the Mormon elders, Rey 
L. Pratt was the president of the 
mission. President Pratt was the son 
of Heleman Pratt and a grandson 
of Apostle Parley P. Pratt, one of 
the first four missionaries to be 
called to preach to the Lamanites in 
this dispensation. It seems probable 
that the Pratts have contributed 
more in time and means for the 
spread of the gospel among the 
Lamanites than any other family in 
the Church. Heleman filled two 
traveling missions in the interior 
of Mexico, during one of which he 
presided over the mission. Rey L. 
Pratt presided over the Mexican 
Mission for about twenty years and 
his brother, Harold, later became 
the president of the same mission. 
At the present time Arwell L. 
Pierce occupies that position and is 
maintaining the same high standards 
of work set by his predecessors. 
Under his administration the mis- 
sion has expanded greatly, both in 
membership and geographically — 
that is to say, new branches have 
been established- in sections of the 
country remote from the city of 
Mexico, the headquarters of the 

At Christmas time, 1947, Presi- 
dent Pierce reported his mission as 
being in the best condition that it 



had been in for a good while. In 
these words his report appears, in 

"Never before has the outlook 
for missionary work in Mexico been 
brighter or more encouraging than 
it is today. The people of the mis- 
sion are more united and happier 
than they have been at any time 
during the past eleven or twelve 

"We now have seventy-nine mis- 
sionaries in the Mexico Mission. 
Of this number fourteen are na- 
tive young men and women, all of 
whom are doing splendid work. 
These young men and women make 
splendid companions for the Eng- 
lish-speaking missionaries because 
they help those whose native tongue 
is English to learn the Spanish lan- 

President Pierce reports that 
there are twenty -five or more splen- 
did young Latter-day Saint Mexi- 
cans who would like to fill missions 
but their financial condition is such 
that they could not pay their own 
way. He feels that if some Latter- 
day Saint people of the United 
States who are financially able 
would make it possible for these 
young people to have their desires 
realized, it would be a most praise- 
worthy thing to do and would 
strengthen the mission materially. 

The work of the Lord is spread- 
ing rapidly throughout the Repub- 
lic. Most of the branches are locat- 
ed in the Federal district and in 
four of the states in proximity to 
Mexico City — ^Mexico, Puebla, Hi- 

dalgo and Morelos, However, mis- 
sionary work is being carried on in 
the states of Veracruz, Nuevo Leon, 
Tamaulipas, Coahuila and Chihua- 
hua. In July 1946, there were added 
to the Mexican Mission the Canal 
Zone, Panama, and Central Ameri- 
ca, under instructions from the First 
Presidency of the Church. Elders 
have been appointed to labor in 
Guatemala City, Republic of Gua- 
temala, and others are working in 
San Jose, capital of Costa Rica. 
Considerable success is attending 
their labors. 

The attitude of the Mexican peo- 
ple toward the Latter-day Saint 
missionaries generally is very favor- 
able, reports President Pierce, and 
many are receptive to the gospel. 

The Church is now sponsoring a 
limited program of building meet- 
ing places so much needed in that 
land, since it is difficult to do suc- 
cessful missionary work without 
suitable chapels and recreation halls 
in which to meet in worship and 
social gatherings. 

An outstanding event in the his- 
tory of the mission was the visit of 
President George Albert Smith last 
year. At that time about twelve 
hundred Mexican Saints who had 
been out of membership in the 
Church for a period of ten years 
were returned to good standing 
therein. President Smith paid a visit 
to the President of Mexico and pre- 
sented him with a copy of the Book 
of Mormon. 

The Church membership of the 
— more on page 520 

/ / /|/ journal 




'THURSDAY, Sept. 25. Council met 
in the morning. Sent the prop- 
ositions to the Committee from 
Quincy. We hear very excited news. 
Committee of six was appointed 
this evening to move in all the 
brethren. And today all the breth- 
ren from Camp Creek made the 
commencement with one hundred 

In the afternoon we met in coun- 
cil and received a proclamation pur- 
porting to be from the governor. 
The sheriff, J. B. Backenstos, pro- 
nounced it to be a hoax. We spent 
some time in prayer. 

Met in council again in the eve- 
ning at Elder Taylor's and dis- 
patched Hyrum Kimball and An- 
drew Lytle to the governor to learn 

the facts in relation to the procla- 
mation above named. Several aflE- 
davits were taken by Hyrum Kim- 
ball in relation to the mob. Mr. J. 
B. Backenstos wrote his fifth proc- 
lamation. An attempt was made to 
get up a mob meeting at Montrose; 
it did not succeed very well. We 
received an excellent letter from 
Orson Hyde. 

Friday, Sept. 26. Met in council 
in the morning. After some con- 
versation in relation to Carthage, 
we adjourned until 1 o'clock. Met 
again at the specified time and spent 
an hour in prayer. I never have felt 
really free before now. I read a let- 
ter from James Brown, which 
stated that William Smith was safely 
quartered in I. J. Adams' house in 



Augusta. Also that a mob was gath- 
ering at Madison, which raised con- 
siderable excitement. About all the 
brethrens' families at LaHarpe 
moved in this evening, having con- 
tinually been threatened by the mob. 
Also a posse of 50 men under J. P. 
Harmon, who had been out pro- 
tecting said families, moved in. They 
were addressed by President Brigham 
Young in a few remarks. I visited 
several sick. 

Wednesday, Oct. 22. Four or five 
who assisted in closing up the press 
of the 'Nauvoo Ex{>ositor' were tried 
before Judge Purple and acquitted. 

Thursday, Oct. 23. A posse of 
thirteen of the governor's troops 
came in from Carthage to search for 
a bogus press. They searched the 
house of Lucian "Woodworth> at the 
instigation of Hawkins Taylor, 
sheriff of Lee County, Iowa. They 
stated that one of his neighbors 
had purchased a set of dies of a 
blackleg in West Point, also, an 
order of Woodworth's daughter for 
the press, in question. They had 
the order and she, not knowing 
anything about it, they searched to 
obtain it, but without success. 

I have spent the day at home. 
Attended a council in the evening. 
Information came that seven houses 
and three other buildings were 
burned in the Morley settlement, or 
lower part of the county. 

The Council advised all who had 
houses burned to go to Carthage 
and get out bills of indictment. 
Orson Spencer read a communica- 
tion from the governor. 

Wednesday, Nov. 12. Brother 


Rice's farmhouse was burned by 
about thirty men on Camp Creek. 
They swore they were the governor's 
troops. Lawyers Finch and Robert- 
son were in the company, or mob. 

Saturday, Nov. 15. This evening 
a party of the mob left Lima to 
burn Solomon Hancock's house. 
They did set fire to a stock of hay 
near his barn. Brother Hancock 
and others of the brethren went to 
rake the straw away from the build- 
ing, but were fired into by the mob. 
Edward Durphy, an aged man, was 
shot dead on the spot, and the balls 
flew around the rest like hail. No 
others were hurt. 

Sunday, Nov. 16. Brother Dur- 
phy's body was brought to Nauvoo. 
A general meeting of the companies 
for the West was held. News ar- 
rived that Theodore Turley was ar- 
rested at Alton on a charge of bogus- 

Monday, Nov. 17. A company 
arrived. I received a letter from 
Wilford Woodruff. 

Tuesday, Nov. 18. The Council 
received information from Mr. 
Brakman that State Attorney Bock- 
man and others were arrested for 
the murder of Durphy and put in 
Carthage jail, and they requested 
witnesses, of course, to go through 
another farce. 

Saturday, Nov. 29. The Twelve 
and quite a number of others met 
in the Temple and carpeted the long 
room, the small rooms and an attic 
which had been finished. 

Sunday, Nov. 30. Eight of the 
Twelve, to-wit: Brigham Young, 
Heber C. Kimball, Orson Hyde, 


Parky P. Pratt, Willard Richards, Daniel S. Mills; apostacy of Josiah 

John Taylor, Amasa Lyman, John Butterfield, and the neglect of 

Smith and myself, the two bishops, Roger Orton. Spent an hour in 

Whitney and Miller, Joseph Young prayer. When I returned home I 

and a number of high priests belong- spent the remainder of the evening 

ing to the priests quorum, number- in full possession of a tremendous 

ing in all 22, met together in the headache, 

attic story of the Temple and pro- 1846 

ceeded to dedicate the upper rooms. t ^ t i ^ t * ^ *i,„ 

„,,... n- 1 luesday, Jan. 13. i went to the 

The dedication prayers were offered ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^ord with my wife, 

by Brigham Young, Heber C. Kim- g.^hsheba W., and we were sealed 

h mivl'''^cJton^' '^^ ^^ President Brigham Young, in the 

^ ^ ■ presence of witnesses, which was 

Tuesday, Dec. 2. Received a let- duly recorded. We then received a 

ter from Messrs. Duncan & Co., of second anointment under the hands 

Bloomington, stating that a heavy of Elder Orson Hyde, 

firm in Philadelphia wished to know Sunday, Jan. 25. We went to the 

the condition and situation of our Temple and anointed our children, 

property, with the terms, & C, as George Albert and Bathsheba to the 

they wished to buy, and for their birthright and they were sealed to 

abihty to do so referred us to Sher- us upon the altar by Presidents 

iff J. B. Backenstos, and others. Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball 

They proposed to pay specie for the and Bishop George Miller, and a 

whole if a bargain could be made. great many others. We were sealed 

The Council returned answer by to father in the same manner, 

letter, that if their agent or agents Saturday, Feb. 7. I went to the 

would come here and examine the Temple with Bathsheba. Upwards 

property, we could sell the whole, of six hundred received the ordi- 

or any part of the city of Nauvoo nance of first anointment of the 

owned by our people, or the farms priesthood, this being the last day 

in the county, for fifty per cent for administering them, for the 

under the valuation of like property, present. 

similarly situated in the county. Sunday, Feb. 8. Met in council 

Spent the day in the Temple mak- with the Twelve in the southeast 

ing preparations for the endow- corner room, No. 1, in the upper 

ments. In the evening Albert P. story of the Temple. Kneeling 

Rockwood, Benjamin L. Clapp and around the altar we dedicated the 

J. M. Grant were ordained under building to the most High and 

the hands of Brigham Young, Heber asked His blessing on our intended 

C. Kimball, Orson Hyde, Parley P. move to the West, and asked Him 

Pratt and myself to preside over to enable us some day to finish the 

the first quorum of Seventies, filling lower part of the Temple, and dedi- 

vacancies caused by the death of cated it to him and asked him to 



preserve the building as a monu- 
ment to Joseph Smith. "We then left 

Elder Brigham Young addressed 
the Saints in the Grove and informed 
them that the company going to 
the West would start this week 
across the river. 

Monday, Feb. 9. I packed up my 
goods and family and sent them 
over the river, remaining behind 
myself to close up some business 
and to prepare an additional wagon. 

Thirty or forty State troops are 
in town. 

In the afternoon the Temple was 
discovered to be on fire, but we put 
it out before much damage was 
done. We met in council with the 
Twelve and Presidents of the Sev- 
enties and heard two letters read. 
The band played several tunes on 
top of the Temple. I retired to rest 
much fatigued and out of health. 

Tuesday, Feb. 10. My father and 
his family crossed the river. 

Saturday, Feb. 14. I crossed the 
river and found my family at Bro- 
ther Martin's in good spirits. Presi- 
dent Brigham Young also crossed 
with his family. 

Sunday, Feb. 15. I removed my 
family to the camp on Sugar Creek 
near the bridge in Ambrosial town- 
ship, where the company was gath- 
ered. We found plenty of timber 
and water. Pitched our tents for the 
first time. Some slept in wagons and 
some in tents. The night was clear 
but cold. 

Monday, Feb. 16. President Brig- 
ham Young called the Saints to- 
gether and commenced to organize 
them into companies of hundreds, 
fifties and tens, giving them con- 
siderable instruction relative to the 
journey. It was severely cold. 

{Continued from page 510) 

It is a good thing to be in pos- "We beheve in being honest, true, 

session of truth and to have strong chaste, benevolent, virtuous, and in 

convictions about goodness. A tes- doing good to all men; indeed, we 

timony of the Gospel of Jesus Christ may say that we follow the admo- 

is of priceless value. nition of Paul — We believe all 

These things are perfectly com- things, we hope all things, we have 

patible, however, with a recogni- endured many things, and hope to 

tlon of truth and goodness in be able to endure all things. If there 

others; yes, with rejoicing over find- 
ing truth and goodness no matter 

Our thirteenth Article of Faith 
affirms this point of view. It was 
written by one who was schooled 
in the spirit of the Book of Mormon. 

is anything virtuous, lovely, of good 
report or praiseworthy, we seek af- 
ter these things." 

Readings in Book of Mormon: 
II Nephi 28, 29, 31:1-3; Ahna 
5:40, 41 and 29:1-9; Moroni 7 
and 10:24, 25. 



nnhe Luminous Trail, Rufus M. 
Jones, The MacMillan Co., 
1947, page 165, price, $2.50. — ^The 
late Rufus M. Jones has long been 
recognized as a leader of thought 
in the Society of Friends (Quakers) 
and chief exponent of the social 
philosophy of that Society. This 
small volume is primarily an expo- 
sition of the types of mysticism 
closely related to that of the Society 
of Friends. Prominence is given to 
those that preceded the founding 
of this society by George Fox, who 
is mentioned only incidentally per- 
haps because he was primarily a 
man of action. Yet the author's 
type of mysticism looks toward 
action, as indicated in the follow- 
ing sentence: 

"We must find the way out of 
the backwash of the dangerous 
'isms,' 'materialism' and a severe 
'naturalism,' which culminates in 
the launching of atomic bombs on 
centers of living human beings." 

Dr. Jones's quotations from the 
New Testament are chiefly from St. 
Paul and St. John, both of whom 
he classifies as Mystics. St. Paul's 
use of the term, "Saints," he ex- 
plains, "did not mean that they 
were perfect; they were in most 
cases far from it. It is a tender, 
gentle, hopeful word. It meant that 

they had started on the way. It ex- 
pressed a hope, an aim, an attitude, 
a direction of travel on the high- 
way of the soul." 

The author places great empha- 
sis on man's need of "immediate 
awareness of relation with God" 
and often quotes from Paul's epis- 
tles and the first epistle of John in 
support of this point of view. 

Of the incarnation of the Christ, 
he says; "He became Hke us that we 
might become like him." The author 
refers to faith as "an inward pow- 
er," not merely a belief. 

His discussion of love is in line 
with St. Paul's famous "Hymn to 
Love" and the epistles of St. John. 
We quote; "Love does not want to 
be rewarded. It meets wrath and 
evil and hatred and opposition as 
light meets darkness, only to over- 
come it with all its (love's) bless- 

Rufus Jones was a thorough- 
going Humanist but opposite from 
the naturaUstic type. For him, hu- 
man life must be viewed in terms 
of its possibilities and goals: "We 
are builders of the Kingdom of God, 
not merely self-satisfied denizens of 
a secular society. We must level up 
and not be disturbed too much by 
the down-levellers." — M.B. 


/ /ew {Board ulemo 


\ LeRoy Bishop, who began his 
'^* service as a member of the 
general board of the Deseret Sunday 
School Union in September of this 
year, began his career as a Sunday 
School official twenty-eight years 
ago at age sixteen, when he was ap- 
pointed superintendent of Blue 
Creek Ward Sunday School in Box- 
elder County, Utah. Four years later 
he became a member of the M.I. A. 
stake board, Bear River Stake. In 
1928 he was transferred to the stake 
Sunday School board. He subse- 
quently served as president of the 
Y.M.M.I.A. in Tremonton Ward, 
Scout Commissioner and superin- 
tendent of schools in Duchesne 
County, and was superintendent of 
Sunday Schools of Provo Stake when 
called on approval of the presidency 
of the Church to membership on 
the general board. 

Brother Bishop's scholastic train- 
ing is signified by degrees awarded 
him as follows: Bachelor of Science 
from the Utah State Agricultural 
College; Master of Science from the 

University of Southern CaHfornia; 
Doctor of Education from the Colo- 
rado State College. In recent years 
he served as superintendent of 

schools of Tintic School District 
and visiting professor of education, 
Colorado State College, summer 
session 1948. He is Professor of Ele- 
mentary Education and Educational 
Administration, Brigham Young 
University. His standing commit- 
tee assignments on the general board 
are, chairman, First Intermediate 
Department, and member, Ward 
Faculty Committee, both in line 
with his training and major inter- 
ests in religious education. 


{Contimied from page 514) 
mission at present is something numbers and when the glorious pre- 
above three thousand and the num- dictions made concerning their re- 
ber is rapidly increasing. The time demption by Prophets of the Book 
seems near at hand when the Laman- of Mormon will have a fulfilment, 
ites will receive the gospel in great May the Lord hasten that day. 


cJhe iQJfQ (conventions 


jyiEMBERS of the general board are Accordingly it is our plan to 
looking forward to meeting take up in 1949 the same general 
Sunday School workers in the 1949 theme as in 1948 with the empha- 
conventions, plans for which are sis upon improving the religious 
now well under way. It is hoped environment as one means of mak- 
that the appearance of these plans ing the gospel more effective in 
in The Instructor will eliminate the the hves of our people, 
necessity of sending any other print- Environment is the composite of 
ed matter on the subject prior to the things, people, and facts which are 
convention, but that each stake will allowed to impinge upon the con- 
go forward with its preparation for sciousness and afifect the individual 
the convention as soon as a date and life. The environment of two indi- 
place is arranged by correspondence. viduals living in the same commu- 
The program outlined in the sub- nity may be wholly different as each 
sequent pages will be best under- allows different factors to enter into 
stood in the light of a few prelimin- or be shut out from daily conscious- 
ary considerations. In the first place, ness. Those with whom individuals 
there has been a desire to formulate associate, the places where they 
a program that would tie in with "^^et together, the habits they are 
and build upon the foundation laid led to form, the associations with 
in our 1948 conventions. As you personalities, made through books 
will recall, in the 1948 conventions ^nd classes, ideals and facts learned, 
we discussed the moral needs and all tend to make up one's environ- 
problems of your stake and empha- ment. Accordingly it is possible to 
sized the need for understanding lead our people in their choice of 
human behavior. In most stakes environment. The Sunday School 
we found that a fine analysis of has an especially fine opportunity 
problems had been made, but the to create a religious environment 
convention time did not afford that will permanently aflfect for 
the opportunity to discuss to any good the lives of Latter-day Saints, 
great extent what the Sunday It is no longer feasible for the 
School could do in carrying out Latter-day Saints to retreat into 
the theme, "Making the Gospel the wilderness and set up an out- 
Effective in the Lives of Latter-day ward environment free from the 
Saints." presence of those who have no re- 



spect for God and his laws, and It 
is fast becoming impossible for the 
Saints to keep the communities in 
which they live free from the in- 
fluence of intoxicating beverages, 
tobacco, and commercial enter- 
tainment upon the Sabbath day. 

We are somewhat Hke the Israel- 
ites led captive to Babylon, who, 
under the leadership of such char- 
acters as Ezekiel, created in the 
midst of a dissolute city a reUgious 
environment that preserved his peo- 
ple as the moral and spiritual lead- 
ers of the race. So today the Latter- 
day Saints are faced with a challenge 
to create such a religious environ- 
ment for their own people in the 
midst of non-religious influences as 
will preserve their heritage and pro- 
mote moral and spiritual leadership 
for the world. 

This is not an impossible task. It 
can be accomplished if we can 
bring our people into the presence 
of God, his prophets, and other 
great men and women, thus creat- 
ing for them an environment of the 
good, the true, and the beautiful. 

The Sunday School has a unique 
opportunity to create such an en- 
vironment and this convention is 
aimed at that major problem. The 
success of the convention will de- 
pend in a large measure upon the 
vision engendered among Svmday 
School workers beforehand of what 
can be accomplished. To this end 
our program and objective is set 
forth at this early date so that ade- 
quate discussion can be had among 
those who are to attend. 

It is especially urged that the fol- 


lowing problems be discussed prior 
to the convention with all those 
who are to attend the morning 
session so that this meeting will be 


1. What standard of conduct 
should be aimed at (a) during the 
worship period, (b) during the 
class period? 

2. What might be expected in 
terms of improved reUgious en- 
vironment from (a) the singing, 
(b) the prayer, (c) the sacrament? 

3. Is the selection of music for 
the worship period of sufficient Im- 
portance to engage the co-opera- 
tion of the chorister, organist, and 
superintendency ? 

4. How much and what kind of 
attention and supervision should be 
given by the superintendency to the 
opening and closing prayers? 

5. How may the administration 
of the sacrament, under the super- 
vision of the bishopric, promote 
the religious environment of the 
Sunday School? 

6. How much consideration has 
been given to the fact that children 
and teen-age youth usually are 
more sensitive to their environment 
than the older members, and thus 
(a) should be exposed to a clean, 
quiet, and beautiful meeting house 
and well planted and kept grounds. 


and (b) should be given preference 
in the matter of class rooms, teach- 
ers, and equipment? 

7. Has due consideration been 
given to the needs of the Junior 
Sunday School and proper action 
taken in the matter of (a) quali- 
fied teachers, (b) adequate teach- 
ing aids, (c) appropriate housing 
and seating arrangement in the 
present meeting house or in the one 
now being planned? 

8. Has a study been made for 
each meeting house of the move- 
ment of pupils to and from classes 
with the view of determining the 
procedure most conducive to order 
and beauty? 

9. Has an evaluation of the 
teaching in your Sunday School 
been made? If so, (a) what prog- 
ress has been made since last con- 
vention toward the modification of 
behavior patterns, (b) has the 
Teacher Training Program out- 
lined by the general board been 
helpful in this development? 

10. How much consideration has 
been given to the fact that The 
Ins true for, the lesson manual, and 
the teacher's supplement should be 
a part of the personal library of 
each teacher, and that teachers need 
the added material found in a well 
managed and adequately stocked 
Sunday School library? 

11. Has due attention and super- 
vision been given by the superin- 
tendency to the material actually 
being taught in each class? For ex- 
ample, do teachers use so-called "in- 
teresting stories," not on the sub- 

ject, as a reward for attention given 
to what the pupils consider a "dry 
and meaningless" gospel message? 
Do teachers fully realize that such 
gospel teaching may produce a 
negative religious environment? 

12. What Sunday School pro- 
cedures help to bring the pupil to 
the good, the beautiful, and the 
true in each lesson along a pathway 
which engages his interest and en- 

13. How near have the officers, 
teachers, and members come to the 
goal of being so enthusiastic for the 
religious environment found in the 
Sunday School that enlistment be- 
comes the sharing of blessings with 

14. How nearly has the Sunday 
School reached the stature of being 
indispensable in the eternal progress 
of its members — indispensable, be- 
cause its religious environment gives 
meaning to and enthusiasm for the 
true, the good and the beautiful to 
be found in the eternal relationships 
of husband and wife, of parent and 
child, of teacher and pupil, of 
brothers and sisters in Christ, and 
of God and all his children? 


You will note that the general 
assembly of the morning session be- 
gins with a worship program. Please 
arrange to have an organist or 
pianist play a prelude of devotional 
music beginning some ten minutes 
before ten o'clock and lasting un- 
til about 10:05. It is hoped that 
those attending will help create an 



environment conducive to worship 
by taking their seats without con- 
versation or noise. The program 
will go forward without announce- 

The afternoon session, it will be 
noted, also begins with a worship 
program. In order to create an en- 
vironment conducive to worship 
all of the officers and teachers of the 
stake should be informed of the 
nature of the program and prepara- 
tion should be carefully made. The 
musical prelude should commence 
ten minutes before the session is to 
begin and Sunday School workers 
should be directed to their seats 
without confusion or whispering. 
Organists are free to choose their 
own prelude music but should use 
care in selecting compositions that 
.promote reverence. 

The worship program will go for- 
ward without announcements or 
introductions. It is hoped that room 
assignments for departmental ses- 
sions can be effectively made by 
blackboard rather than by oral an- 

The superintendent of the host 
stake should appoint Sunday School 
workers to give the scriptural read- 
ings, lead in prayer, and direct the 
singing, well in advance of the con- 
vention date. 'We suggest that the 
audience remain seated while sing- 
ing during the morning and after- 
noon worship periods. 

It is desirable that, at some time 
during the convention, a general 
board member has an opportunity 
to meet with the stake superinten- 

dency in a short meeting to discuss 
stake Sunday School organization 
and special problems that the super- 
intendency is encountering. We 
suggest that this meeting be ar- 
ranged for by the stake superin- 
tendent of each stake to follow im- 
mediately the morning session or, if 
preferred, during luncheon. 

While 2:00 p.m. has been set as 
the time for the afternoon session, 
an earlier hour will be approved by 
the general board where stake au- 
thorities desire, and proper notifica- 
tion is given. 


Deseret Sunday School 
Union Board 

Convention Committee 

William E. Berrett 

Carl Eyring 

Lorna Call Alder 



(10:00 a.m. to 12:00 Noon) 

(Groups requested to attend: 
stake presidency; stake high coun- 
cilmen assigned to the Sunday 
School; ward bishoprics; stake 
Sunday School superintendency and 
board; ward superintendent and 
one assistant from each ward; gen- 
eral board representatives.) 

General Assembly 

(Superintendent of host stake 



Devotional Prelude 

Scriptural Reading: (Ephesians 6: 

Song: "Redeemer of Israel" 


Statement of the Theme and Plan 

for the Day, by member of the 

general board 
Recognition of those taking part 

and needed announcements , by 

superintendent of host stake 

Individual Stake Meetings 

Round Table Discussion: "Needs 
and Opportunities in Your Stake 
and Wards to Improve the Re- 
ligious Environment." 

Statement of Conclusions: "How 
We Plan to Improve Our Reli- 
gious Environment" 

Song: "Praise God From Whom All 
Blessings Flow" 

Benediction: (Dismiss directly from 
group meetings.) 


(2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. — unless 

otherwise announced) 

(Groups requested to attend: 
stake presidency; stake high coun- 
cilmen assigned to the Sunday 
School; ward bishoprics; stake Sun- 
day School superintendency and 
board; all ward Sunday School 
officers and teachers; others who are 

General Assembly 

An Invitation to Worship 
Devotional Prelude 

Scriptural Reading: (Doc. and Gov. 

Song by General Assembly: "Jesus, 
the Very Thought of Thee" 


Discussion by General Board Mem- 
ber: "The Individual and his En- 

1. The basic needs of the indi- 

2. The Sunday School's oppor- 
tunity to create an environment 
that will help to meet these needs. 

Recognition of those who have 
taken part, introduction of gen- 
eral board members, and assign- 
ments to departmental sessions, 
by superintendent of host stake. 

Departmental Sessions 

(Members of the general board con- 

Group Discussion: The place of the 
lesson in bringing the individual 
into the environment of the good, 
the true, and the beautiful, and 
thus into the presence of God. 


(Superintendent of the host stake 

A Summary and appreciation, by 
general board member: "Our Re- 
sponsibility to Improve Religious 

Closing Song: "The Lord is My 




Milton Bennion, General Supenniendent; George R. Hill, First Assistant General Superintendent: 

Albeut Hambr Reiser, Second Assistant General Superintendent 

Wallace F. Bennett, General Treasurer; Richard E. Foliand, Executive Secretary 


Milton Bennion 
George R. Hill 
A. Hamer Reiser 
Wallace F. Bennett 
Richard E, Foliand 
Adam S. Bennion 
Inez Witbeck 
Lucy Gedge Sperry 
Marie Fox Felt 
Gerrit de Jong 
Carl F. Eyring 
Earl J. Glade 

Don B. Col ton 
Thomas L. Martin 
Wendell J. Ashton 
Edith Ryberg 
Marion G. Merkley 
A. William Lund 
Archibald F. Bennett 
Kenneth S. Bennion 
J. Holman Waters 
H. Aldous Dixon 
Leland H. Monson 
Alexander Schreiner 

Lorna Call Alder 
Margaret Ipson 
Nellie H. Kuhn 
A. Parley Bates 
William P. Miller 
Ralph B. Keeler 
Vernon J. LeeMaster 
Claribel W. Aldous 
Eva May Green 
Melba Glade 
David L. McKay 

Addie L. Swapp 
W. Lowell Castlcton 
Hugh B. Browa 
Henry Eyring 
Carl J. Christensen 
Hazel Fletcher Young 
Hazel W. Lewis 
William E. Berrett 
Lowell M. Durham 
Florence S. Allen 
Beth Hooper 
A. Le Roy Bishop 

Advisers to the General Board: Stephen L Richards and John A. Widtsoe 



Tt is proper that Church members 
should serve with enthusiasm 
in the organizations in which they 
are called to work as officers or 
teachers. They should not, however, 
forget that the priesthood quorums 
and all the auxiliaries are working 
toward the same end — to make the 
restored gospel more effective in the 
lives of Latter-day Saints, and to 
make known the principles of the 
gospel to the children and youth of 
the Church and to all other mem- 
bers who can attend. 

We recall the case of newly ap- 
pointed officers of one of the auxil- 
iaries making appeal for member- 
ship by announcing that they had 
secured the cream of the ward as 
their staff of officers and teachers. 
A wise wit of the ward wrote a 

poem for the ward reunion in 
which he noted that when the 
cream is taken by one organization, 
there ntiust be skim milk left for 
the others. If we are to use a figure 
of speech, it may be wiser to sug- 
gest homogenized milk for all. 

Let each member labor diligently 
in the office to which he is called 
and in close co-operation with all 
others who labor in the same cause 
— the salvation of their fellowmen. 

'We quote from the Melchizedek 
Priesthood Handbook, 1948, the 

"Quorum Meeting Time. A defi- 
nite time for quorum or group 
meetings should be arranged in or- 
der to permit the maximum attend- 
ance. Brethren who attend priest- 
hood meeting the hour preceding 


Sunday School should remain for 
the Sunday School work, as origin- 
ally planned when gospel lessons 
for the adults, including members 
of the priesthood quorums, were 
assigned to the Sunday School. In 
case there are those in attendance 
in the priesthood quorums who of 
necessity have to leave on adjourn- 
ment of the priesthood, it would be 
helpful to the Sunday School if 
they would remain in their class- 
rooms until the children and young 
women have entered the chapel and 
the Junior Sunday School quarters 
rather than to be marching away 
from the meeting house while the 
children and women are coming in. 

"Consideration might well be 
given to holding the priesthood 
meeting at a time that will permit 
a fifteen-minute intermission be- 
tween the close of the priesthood 
meeting and the beginning of Sun- 
day School. This will make possible 
the attendance of any quorum 
members at the Sunday School 
prayer meeting without disrupting 
the priesthood quorum or group 
meeting." (Pp. 3 5, 36.) 

Concerning the relation of the 
quorum meetings of the Aaronic 
Priesthood to the Sunday School we 
have the following letter from the 
Presiding Bishopric: 
"Milton Bennion, General Superin- 
tendent Deseret Sunday School 
Union Board 

"Dear Brother Bennion: 

"We are happy that you directed 
to our attention the desirability of 
some statement to go out to our 

Aaronic Priesthood leaders which 
would indicate the co-operation of 
this office with the Sunday Schools 
of the Church. We have prepared 
an article to be included in our new 
Aaronic Priesthood Handbook 
which should come off the press 
about January 1, 1949. The article 
with its heading is quoted immedi- 
ately below and you may feel free 
to use any part of it at your dis- 


"We quote excerpts from the 
Melchizedek Priesthood Handbook, 
pp. 35, 36, as follows: 

" 'A definite time for quorum or 
group meeting should be arranged 
in order to permit the maximum at- 
tendance. . . . 

" 'Consideration might well be 
given to holding the priesthood 
meeting at a time that will permit 
a fifteen minute intermission be- 
tween the close of the priesthood 
meeting and the beginning of Sun- 
day School. This will make possible 
the attendance of any quorum 
members and quorum advisers at 
the Sunday School prayer meeting 
without disrupting the priesthood 
quorum or group meeting.' 

"Every effort should be made by 
the bishopric, Aaronic Priesthood 
quorum presidencies, and quorum 
advisers, to induce Priests, Teachers, 
and Deacons to attend their classes 
in Sunday School. We should per- 
sistently labor with Aaronic Priest- 
hood members who fail to attend 



Sunday School after having attend- 
ed Priesthood meeting in an effort 
to persuade them to attend Sunday 
School and receive the gospel les- 
sons so essential in their Church 

"We desire you brethren to know 
of our whole-hearted desire to co- 
operate with the Sunday School in 
the filling of its assignment to pro- 
vide religious instruction and train- 
ing to the youth of the Church. We 
appreciate the Sunday School or- 
ganization and look upon it as a 
choice agency set up under the in- 
spiration of the Lord for the teach- 
ing of the Gospel of Jesus Christ 
to the membership of the Church. 

"We are particularly anxious to 
have all of our Aaronic Priesthood 
members, and all of our L.D.S. girls 
of corresponding ages, brought un- 
der the wholesome influence of the 
Sunday School. 

"May we express our full appre- 
ciation for your unrestrained co- 
operation in the attainment of our 
mutual objectives in the interests 
of youth. 

Sincerely your brethren, 

We have also the following note 
from Presiding Bishop Richards: 

"Milton Bennion, General Superin- 
tendent Deseret Sunday School 
Union Board 

"Dear Brother Bennion: 

"We have completed a survey of 
our Aaronic Priesthood reports for 
1947 and observe that only 48 per 
cent of your Sunday School leaders 

of the ward level who are expected 
to attend the Ward Youth Leader- 
ship Meeting each month gave their 
support in attendance. We felt you 
brethren would like to know of 
this finding since one of the ob- 
jectives of the Youth Leadership 
Meeting held under the direction 
of the bishopric is to bring about 
a closer relationship between the 
bishopric and your Sunday School 
teachers of young people twelve to 
twenty-one years of age. 

"Anything which you brethren 
of the superintendency and your 
general board members may do to 
encourage your Sunday School 
teachers to attend this meeting will 
be most sincerely appreciated. 

"We are grateful for your co- 
operation and for your support in 
promoting the interests of our 

Sincerely your brethren, 

Our reply follows: 

"Bishop LeGrand Richards 
40 North Main Street 
Dear Brother Richards: 

"This is to acknowledge with 
thanks your letter of August 27 
concerning attendance of Sunday 
School teachers at Youth Leader- 
ship meetings. We are very glad to 
be informed of this situation and 
shall be pleased to do all we can to 
improve conditions of which you 
speak. We have not, heretofore, 
been informed on this particular 


"We shall have your letter read 
at our board meeting next Tuesday 
and will publish in the November 
Instructor recommendations to all 
Sunday School superintendents to 
co-operate to the fullest extent 
possible. (Our October Instructor 
is already in press.) 

"If there is anything else we can 
do by way of co-operating with the 
work prescribed for the Aaronic 
Priesthood, we shall be pleased to 
have your suggestions. 

Sincerely your brother, 
Milton Bennion, 

General Superintendent 

We urge all teachers of classes 
having members ranging in the ages 
above specified to be regular attend- 
ants and participants in the activ- 
ities of the Youth Leadership Meet- 
ings, and in any other way possible 
to co-operate with other Church 
agencies in advancing the spiritual 
welfare of youth. 

Will stake and ward Sunday 
School superintendencies kindly as- 
sist in bringing about this co-oper- 

ation with the bishops and other 
presiding officers in the Church. 

The following is quoted from 
The Church News, September 8, 
1948, "I Want To Know," p. 24. 

"Are Sunday Schools in the wards 
supposed to be held on stake con- 
ference day? — W.E.R. — Salt Lake. 

"Sunday Schools should not be 
closed on the day of stake confer- 
ence. All classes with the exception 
of Gospel Doctrine and other adult 
classes should remain in session. 
This applies except where confer- 
ence is being held in a ward build- 
ing and Sunday School and confer- 
ence cannot be accommodated in 
the same building at the same time. 
Attendance of all members of the 
Church, old and young, at stake 
conference should be encouraged. 
A member of any Sunday School 
class who desires to attend stake 
conference should be excused to do 
so, and any class in the Sunday 
School under proper supervision, 
may attend the stake conference in 
a body." (Answer supplied by a 
committee of the General Authori- 

500,000 MEMBERSHIP? 

Superintendents! Yours is a call- 
ing charged with responsibility and 
fraught with immeasurable poten- 
tiality for achievement. We now 
call upon you to make the most of 
your vision, ability, and powers of 
leadership to enhst every possible 
man, woman, and child in your 
ward in the great Sunday School 

It is a difficult task to break 
through the wall of social pressure, 
indifference, frustration and self- 
indulgence to bring men to a reali- 
zation of the happiness and assur- 
ance in life which comes from keep- 
ing the Sabbath day holy. However, 
constant effort and thought coupled 
with real work on the part of lead- 
ers can accomplish great things. 



Today in our nation where 
billions of dollars and millions of 
lives are lost each year because of 
carelessness and disobedience to 
laws, a great safety campaign has 
been inaugurated to enlist men and 
money to curb this destruction. 

Today in our nation millions of 
souls are lost because of careless- 
ness and disobedience to God's 
laws. An even more intense cam- 
paign must be launched from the 
pulpit and through the Church 
leadership to teach the children of 
God to walk on so high a plane 
that ignoble injfluences and appe- 
tites or negative social pressure can- 
not reach up far enough to draw 
us under their spell. 

May we suggest an urgent appeal 
to parents not to send, but to bring 
their children to Sunday School. 
In latter-day revelation parents are 
specifically commanded to teach 
their children to pray and to walk 
uprightly before the Lord — to bring 
up children in light and truth. 
Since the Sunday School has been 
set aside as the organization for the 
entire family from the "cradle- 
roll to the ^rave," surely it is the 
logical place for parents and chil- 
dren to gain the inspiration and 
guidance they need for happiness 
and salvation. 

A plan inspired by Church execu- 
tives to aid and assist auxiliary or- 
ganizations in bringing delinquent 
members into active participation 
is the Youth Leadership Meeting 
held monthly in each ward. At this 
meeting the Sunday School leaders 
in co-operation with the bishopric, 
the priesthood, and all other auxili- 
ary organization leaders can analyze 
each ward member and plan to help 
those left by the wayside to get 
back into active duty — on the right 
course of travel toward fine and 
purposeful living. 

Superintendents! Today is yours. 
Take from it all you can to enrich 
the days ahead. The Lord has said 
if you bring but one soul to a 
knowledge of His gospel how great 
shall be your reward and joy in the 

With your assistance we aim to 
enhst 500,000 members in Sunday 
School work. The victory will not 
be easy nor the goal quickly gained, 
but your enthusiasm is contagious; 
and with the co-operation and con- 
fidence of your co-workers and the 
help and inspiration of our Father 
in heaven, we shall attain success. 

The Enlistment Committee, 
J. Hohnan "Waters 
Lucy Sperry 

{Continued from page 506) 

his will — the will of the Father — Sincerely, 

he shall know of the doctrine.' Edward J. Wood." 




'HPhe general board once again re- 
news its offer to ward and 
branch Sunday Schools throughout 
the Church to bind, free, copies of 
the 1948 Instructors and teachers' 

There is a limitation on our offer 
this coming year. Costs are up and 
our funds are limited, but we are 
anxious to assist in and encourage 
the building of libraries. We will 
bind the previous year's Instructors 
and teachers' supplements, provid- 
ed they are sent to us before July 
1st; that is, send us your 1948 In- 
structors and/or teachers' supple- 
ments for binding before July 1, 
1949, if you wish to take advantage 
of this free offer. We will — as long 
as our supply lasts — furnish the 
Instructors or teachers' supplements, 
if you have not saved yours, and 
just charge you for the issues fur- 
nished by us. 

Each bound copy will contain a 
detailed index, and the name of the 
ward or mission will be engraved 
on the cover. Each ward or branch 
Sunday School is limited to one 
bound volume of The Instructor 
and one boimd volume of the 
supplements for 1948, free. 

Canadian wards or branches will 
send their Instructors to our new 

Bates Agencies 

805 12th Avenue, W. 

Calgary, Alberta 

Brother Bates will have the binding 
done in Canada, thus overcoming 
all difficulties with customs and in- 
ternational parcel post. 

All wards or branches outside of 
continental United States will be ex- 
pected to pay any extra charges in- 
volved in customs or additional 
postage charges. 

Our office will have bound for 
wards, stakes, missions, branches or 
individuals any number of Instruc- 
tors, teachers' supplements and les- 
son texts and bill them at our cost. 
We will furnish indexes free. 

Please observe the following in- 
structions In sending in your copies 
to be bound: 

Send your Instructors properly 
assembled, with the January issue 
on top and the December number 
on the bottom. Be sure all twelve 
copies are included. Also arrange 
supplements in order — the First In- 
termediate supplement should be on 
top and the Gospel Doctrine book- 
let on the bottom. Supplements and 
magazines should be mailed to: 

Library Department 

Deseret Sunday School Union 

50 North Main Street 

Salt Lake City 1, Utah. 

Secretaries, will you please see 
that all oflEicers interested in the 
above receive this information? 





Tt has been said that the mark of 
an educated man is not neces- 
sarily to know all things, as in this 
life that is impossible. But he is one 
who knows how and where to obtain 
the knowledge desired. Similarly it 
might be said that the good Sunday 
School teacher does not necessarily 
need to know all there is to learn 
about his subject, but he must know 
how and where to obtain this knowl- 
edge when called for in his teach- 

Of great assistance to the teacher 
of gospel subjects are the concord- 
ances and reference guides available 
today on the scriptures of our 
Church. Many long days, months, 
and even years have been spent on 
finding, compiling, and classification 
of the references listed. All teachers 
would be wise to become familiar 
with these compilations and make 
sure that they are available as les- 
sons are prepared. "With these aids 
passages of scripture can be located 
more easily and thus will be used 
more readily. This in turn leads to 
a better and easier job of teaching. 
Sunday School librarians should 
make every effort to assure the 
presence of these volumes in the 
ward libraries. 

cordance is a compilation in which 
the important passages of a book 

such as the Bible are listed in the 
alphabetical order of words found 
in them. Thus if any major word 
of the passage is known, the refer- 
ence can be easily found. A com- 
prehensive concordance is one in 
which all the important words are 
listed and classified. A partial con- 
cordance is one in which the most 
important references of the more 
important subjects are listed. Par- 
tial concordances have been made 
of the Bible, the Book of Mormon, 
the Doctrine and Covenants, and 
the Pearl of Great Price and are 
generally found in the appendices 
of these books. Comprehensive con- 
cordances of the Bible, the Book of 
Mormon, and the Doctrine and 
Covenants have been published. 
These are of such size that they are 
contained in separate volumes, of- 
ten much larger than the scriptures 
to which they are a guide. 

Listed below are some of the 
comprehensive concordances to our 
scriptures which have been pub- 

Comprehensive Concordance to 
the Bible. There are several editions 
of this available in the book stores 
of any city. Ranging in price from 
$7.50 to $25.00, most are very use- 
ful, but care must be taken that the 
concordance is a comprehensive 

one. , _._ 

— more on page 547 

Sacramental ivluslc and Lji 
for Aanttapu ana ^ebru 














Help us, O God, to realize 
The great atoning sacrifice; 

The gift of Thy Beloved Son, 

The Prince of Life, the Holy One. 












dim. PP 


f I 1 


*^o ~ 



U/ara CJacultyi — 
oJeacher KJ^rnprovement 



1. Leaders Must Be Human 
Teachers can be leaders because 

they are also people; and the quality 
of their leadership depends largely 
on the degree to which they succeed 
in being persons. The true teacher 
will make a personal inventory of 
his leadership qualifications. 

2. Consider the Cost 

Jesus constantly encouraged his 
disciples to consider carefully and 
thoroughly what it would cost to 
assume a leadership role. "So there- 
fore whosoever he be of you that 
renounceth not all that he hath, he 
cannot be my disciple." (Luke 15, 
revised.) To be a disciple here is 
not simply to be a member of the 
Church; it is a counsel of perfec- 
tion, offered as an opportunity to 
His true followers. 

The importance of the teacher 
may be inferred from the many ref- 
erences Jesus made to the demands 
upon the real leaders in His service. 
Two such statements follow: 

"If any man will come after me, 
let him deny himself, and take up 
his cross and follow me." (Matt. 

"If any man serve me, let him 
follow me; and where I am, there 

also shall my servant be." (John 

3 . The Dynamic Quality of Leader- 
ship Acts 

Beautiful deeds are important for 
a proper discharge of duties con- 
nected with leadership in the 
Church. Jesus emphasized this when 
he said of the woman who provid- 
ed the ointment for his anointing, 
as the time of His Passion drew 
near: "She hath wrought a good 
work on me." (Mark 14:6.) 

This may be translated as a "kind 
and beautiful deed," comparable to 
the "soul food" provided by the 
Sunday School teacher to a class, 
hungry for spiritual food. In con- 
trast stands the treachery of Judas, 
who sacrificed his Lord and sold his 
standing among the Twelve for 
"thirty pieces of silver." 

Jesus warned Peter, James, and 
John of the difficulties associated 
with their leadership offices. He said: 
"Watch and pray, lest ye enter into 
temptation." (Matt. 26:41.) 

4. Leadership Through Teaching 
Jesus emphasized the need for 

teachers in the final commission as 
reported by Matthew: "Go ye there- 
fore, and teach all nations, baptising 


them in the name of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Ghost: Teaching them to observe all 
things whatsoever I have command- 
ed you: and, lo, I am with you al- 
way, even unto the end of the 
world." (Matt. 28:18-20.) 

The leadership of Peter through 
the act of teaching was given em- 
phasis when Jesus said to him, 
"Feed my lambs . . . Feed my 
sheep." The care of the flock re- 
ceived the earnest, loving consider- 
ation of Jesus. 

The prophets of old developed 
the art of condensing their thoughts 
into terse sayings, memorable be- 
cause of their brevity as well as their 
astuteness. The following references 
should encourage the conscientious 

"The fear of the Lord is the be- 
ginning of knowledge; but fools 
despise wisdom and instruction." 
(Proverbs 1:7. See also: Proverbs 
1:20, 21; 16:22; 22:11; 23:23.) 

Jesus, the Master Teacher, in- 

structed his companions in the way 
to perfection. His true followers 
attempt to enrich the world also, 
by practising the best procedures 
in the art of teaching. 
5. Conclusion 

Teachers: Explore the possibili- 
ties for deep satisfaction through 
scholarly preparation. The teacher 
is expected to interpret life in its 
larger relationships and to explore 
the far-reaching significance of such 
counsel and instruction as may be 
offered in our Sunday School classes. 
The fullest measure of successful 
teaching comes when we ( 1 ) know 
our students, (2) use the most re- 
fined techniques for instruction, 
and (3) make careful evaluation 
of the results of the teaching act. 

Teaching must be personalized. 
It must have meaning, and arouse 
the feelings of each class member. 
You, the teacher, however, receive 
the richest returns from your 

— Marion G. Merkley 

(Continued from page 501) 

her husband and children knew no 
bounds and to them and the work 
of the Lord she dedicated her life. 

One of the finest tributes that 
could be paid a woman came to 
Sister Ivins from the husbands of 

March 21, 1936 at Salt Lake City. 
High tribute was paid her at the 
funeral by President Heber J. Grant, 
Levi Edgar Young and Amy Brown 
Lyman, all of whom bore testimony 
to her unwavering faith in the gos- 

her daughters who testified that p6l and to her tireless activity in 

she had never interfered in any way the Church. Sister Lyman declared 

with their marital relations, and that she was one of the greatest and 

that she had been to them all that best women the Church had pro- 

a mother could be. duced. 

§ist;er Ivins passed away in death — Thom^as C. Romney 


cJeacher cJi 


'TpHE Teacher Training lessons are 
found in the new supplement 
to the Teacher Training Program. 
The assignments for January are as 

Directed Observation of Sunday 
School Teaching 
Lesson 13, January 2 

To obtain a visual concept of the 
role of a teacher in a class, and how 
the success of a lesson is related to 
what the teacher does. 

Wahlquist, Teaching as the Di- 
rection of Activities ) pp. 48, 93. 

Driggs, The Master's Art, Chap- 
ters XI, XII. 

Classroom Use of the Manual 
Lesson 14, January 9 

To discover ways of making the 
manual useful. 


"Wahlquist, Teaching as the Di- 
rection of Activities, Chapter X. 

Driggs, The Master's Art, Chap- 
ter XXIV. 

Bennion, "Why Not Study the 
Manual in Class" (see appendix to 
Supplement to the Sunday School 
Teacher Training Course.) 

How To Make An Assignment 
Lesson 15, January 16 


To understand when and how to 
make assignments. 

Wahlquist, Teaching as the Di- 
rection of Activities, Chapter IX. 

Conducting a Co-operative Lesson 

Lesson 16, January 23 

(1) To learn ways of leading a 
class into active determination of its 
own procedure and line of thought, 
and (2) to understand the value of 
doing this. 


"Wahlquist, Teaching as the Di- 
rection of Activities, Chapters VII 
and XL 

Driggs, The Master's Art, Chap- 
ter XIV. 

The Lesson Plan 
Lesson 17, January 30 

To understand the real usefulness 
of a lesson plan, and the simplest 
way to obtain that usefulness. 

Driggs, The Master's Art, Chap- 
ters VII, XII, XIII. 

Wahlquist, Teaching as the Di- 
rection of Activities, Chapter XIII. 

Bennion, "A Sample Lesson Plan," 
(see appendix to Supplement to the 
Sunday School Teacher Training 
Course) . 

Uxeferences for ^anuar^ JLi 



Church News — Weekly Church Section of 

Deseret News. 
Era — The Improvement Era. 

Instructor — The Instructor. 

R, S. Mag. — ^The Eelief Society Magazine. 


What It Means to be a Latter-day Saint 

Chapter 1. What Is a Latter-day Saint? 

Preston Nibley, "Saints Receive Plan of 
Organization in Revelation Given to Brig- 
ham Young," Church News, Jan. 25, 1947, 
pp. 11, 12. The word and will of the Lord 
concerning Latter-day Saints. 

Mark E. Petersen, "Do You Live the 
Way You Pray." Church News, April 12. 
1947, pp. 8, 17. How Latter-day Saints 
should live discussed. 

"Pres. Clark Counsels Seminary Gradu- 
ates." Church News, May 17, 1947. pp. 1, 
4. Comments on living the gospel. 

Editorial, "Working Out Our Salvation," 
Church News, November 15. 1947. p. 1. 
What we should do as Latter-day Saints. 

Ward Teachers Message, "What Is Your 
Church Membership Worth 1" Church News, 
Sept. 29, 1945. p. 14. Worth of Church 
membership discussed. 

Bicknell A. Robbing, "Why I Am Thank- 
ful That I Am a Mormon." Church Newsi, 
Nov. 3, 1945, pp. 3. 12. Comments from 
a deacon on thankfulness for his member- 
ship in the Church. 

Andrew M, Douglas, "Why I Am Glad 
I Am a Mormon," Church News, Jan. 12, 
1946, p. 3. Privileges that come from Church 
jnembership related. 

Chapter 2. Baptism, A Good Start 

Hugh B. Brown, "First Principles — III," 
Church News, Dec. 27, 1947, p. 6, Mode and 
necessity of baptism discussed. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "Baptism : The 
Birth Into the Kingdom," Church News, 
Nov. 4, 1944, p. 14. Baptism discussed. 

T. Edgar Lyon, "Baptism," R. S. Mag., 
vol. 33, Nov. 1946, pp. 783-786. An article 
on the Latter-day Saint belief regarding 

William E. Berrett, "Baptism — a Mystery 
Story," Church News, Sept. 1, 1948, p. 23. 
Compliance with the law of baptism neces- 
sary to progress. 

Chapter 3. The Holy Ghost, A Precious 

"Evidences and Reconciliations," Era. vol. 
47, Aug., 1944, pp. 501, 527. The character 
and function of the Holy Ghost. 

Charles A. Callis, "The Inward Witness," 
Church News, Sept. 16, 1944, pp. 5, 11. A 
discussion of the Holy Ghost. 

T. Edgar Lyon, "Laying on of Hands 
for the Gift of the Holy Ghost," R. S. Mag., 
vol. 33, Dec. 1946, pp. 855, 856. A discus- 
sion on the Holy Ghost. 

William E. Berrett, "A Fourth Principle 
of Progress," Church News, Sept. 8, 1948, 
p. 23. The importance of the gift of the 
Holy Ghost to man's progress. 

Chapter 4. Faith Makes Us Strong 

Lynn S. Richards, "What Will It Take 
to Do It," Church News, Jan. 11, 1947, p. 
8. Faith briefly discussed. 

Eldred G. Smith, "Patriarch Bears Fer- 
vent Testimony," Church News, Oct. 11, 
1947, pp. 17, 20. Faith brings growth, de- 
velopment, and achievement. 

Hugh B. Brown, "First Principles — I," 
Church News, Dec. 6, 1947, pp. 11, 12. A 
discussion on faith. 

David O, McKay, "Faith in Christ— the 
World's Greatest Need," Era, Jan. 1944,. 
vol. 47, pp. 12, 13. Faith, a foundation 
element in true character. 

John A. Widtsoe, "Faith Under the 
Atomic Bomb," Era, vol. 49, May 1946, pp. 
278, 277. Our task is to teach faith in God. 

C. Frank Steele, "Where is Your Faith," 
Instructor, vol. 79, Feb., 1944, pp. 71, 80. 
The power of faith discussed. 

Don B. Colton, "The Ideal of Faith," 
Instructor, vol. 82, Dec. 1947, pp. 551, 552. 
A brief discussion on faith. 

Alma Sonne, "The Power of Faith," 
Church News, Jan. 1, 1944, p. 4. The power 
of faith discussed. 

Levi Edgar Young, "Our Greatest Gift," 
Church News', Feb. 6, 1944, p. 4. Faith is 
our greatest gift. 

Levi Edgar Young, "The Power of Faith," 
Church Newsv Sept. 1, 1945, p. 9. Faith 
of our missionaries. 

S. Dilworth Young, "Faith," Church 
News Jan. 19, 1946, p. 10, 12. Faith, an 
important principle. 

Editorial, "Do Not Destroy Faith " 
Church News, Feb. 14. 1948. p. 1. We should 
build faith. 

Leon P. Liddell, "The Open Grave," 
Church News, May 16. 1948, p. 3. A story 
of faith. 



John A. Widtsoe, "Faith in Israel," 
Era, vol. 50, May, 1947, pp. 283, 284. Faith 
of our pioneer ancestors discussed. 

LeGrand Richards, "Building Faith 
Among Youth," Era, vol. 50, May, 1947, pp. 
327, 328. How we can build faith in the 
lives of our young people. 

Russel B. Swensen, "Jesus on Faith," 
Instructor, vol. 80, April, 1945, pp. 168-170. 
Jesus taught a perfect faith. 

T. Edgar Lyon, "Faith," R. S. Mag., vol. 
33, Sept. 1946, pp. 643-646. Faith, an im- 
portant principle. 

William E, Berrett, "Faith a Principle of 
Progress," Church News, Aug. 22, 1948, p. 
19. Progress is the result of following the 
spiritual law of faith. 


Old Testament Stories 

Chapter I. Our Earth 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "The Purpose of 
Earth Life and the Place of Education," 
Church News, May 31, 1947, pp. 1, 8. Life 
on our earth discussed. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "Preparation for 
the Coming of the Lord," Church News, 
June 17, 1944, pp, 10, 12. Preparation of 
the earth for the coming of man. 

Chapter II. The First Earth Home 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., "Salvation Uni- 
versal," Church News, June 6, 1948, p. 19. 
A brief discussion on the transgression of 
Adam and Eve. 

Chapter III. The First Family 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., "Slipping from Our 
Old Moorings," Church News, March 8, 
1947, pp. 1, 8. Adam and his family briefly 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., "Our Wives and 
Our Mothers in the Eternal Plan." R. S. 
Mag., vol. 33, Dec, 1946, pp. 795, 800. 
Adam and Eve briefly discussed. 

Chapter V. Abraham, thei Faithful 

Sidney B. Sperry, "The Pearl of Great 
Price and Its Outstanding Teachings," 
Church News, Feb. 22, 1947, pp. 10, 12. 
Great promises were given to the descend- 
ants of Abraham. 

Joseph L. Wirthlin, "Behold, Lord, Here 
Am I," Era, vol. 51, May, 1948. pp. 299. A 
brief account of Abraham's offering Isaac 
to the Lord. 


The Life of Christ 

Chapter 1. The Great Plan 

Hugh B. Brown, "Man and Freedom," 
Church News, Nov. 1, 1947, p. 10. Free 
agency or responsible choice discussed. 


Hugh B. Brown, "The Christ Child," 
Church News, Jan. 3, 1948, p. 11. A brief 
account of the great plan in the spirit 

Marion G. Romney, "Conference Ad- 
dress," Era, vol. 48, May, 1945, pp. 302, 
303. The Savior's plan accepted in the pre- 
existent world. 

Spencer W. Kimball, "My Redeemer Lives 
Eternally," Era, vol. 49, Nov., 1946, pp. 703, 
732. The plan of Jesus Christ accepted. 

Don. B. Colton, "The Life and Ministry 
of the Savior," R. S. Mag., vol. 34, July, 
1947, pp. 485-488; Aug., 1947, pp. 560-563. 
The part Jesus played in the great plan in 

Chapter 2. War in Heaven 

T. Edgar Lyon, "The Gospel as a Way 
of Life," R. S. Mag., vol. 33, July, 1946, 
pp. 495-498. War in heaven briefly discussed. 

Robert Murray Stewart, "Constitutional 
Government," Church News, Sept. 16, 1944, 
pp. 1, 7. Comments on the war in heaven. 

Chapter 3. The Plan Begins to Unfold 

Hugh B. Brown, "The Messiah," Church 
News, Oct. 4, 1947, p. 11. Christ's status 
before he came to earth. 

Don B. Colton, "The Life and Ministry 
of the Savior," R. S. Mag., vol. 34, Sept., 
1947, pp. 636-639. Earthly advent of the 
Savior predicted. 

John A. Widtsoe, "Is there Guidance in 
Life," Church News, Feb. 5, 1944, pp. 10, 
12. Guidance is given us in life, 

George Albert Smith, "Origin of Man 
and Prophecy Fulfilled," Church News, 
April 14. 1945, pp. 3, 13. How man fits 
into the plan. 

Chapter 4. Two Great Messages 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., "Behold the Lamb 
of God, Which Taketh Away the Sin of the 
World," Era, vol. 48, Jan., 1945, pp. 12, 13. 
Mary receives the message. 

Don B. Colton, "The Life and Ministry 
of the Savior," R. S. Mag., vol. 34, Oct., 
1947, pp. 702-706. The coming of Jesus was 
announced by an angel from God. 

The Church of Jesus Christ 

Lesson 1. Why Jesus Established His 

Ezra Taft Benson, "A Major Responsi- 
bility," Era, vol. 50, June, 1947, pp. 361- 
362. Preaching the gospel a major responsi- 

Harold B. Lee, "On Earning Salvation," 
Era, vol. 50, May, 1947, pp. 290-291. Prime 
purpose of the organization of the Church 
is for the "perfecting of the Saints." 


Stephen L Richards, "Our Work-Mission- 
ary Service to the World," Era, vol. 48, 
May, 1945, p. 644. Phenomenal missionary 
labors the outstanding organized accomp- 
lishment of the Mormon Church. 

George Albert Smith, Conference Address, 
Era, vol. 48, Nov., 1945, pp. 714, 723. Our 
Church charged with the responsibility of 
delivering the message of the Savior. 

George Albert Smith, "Neighborly Love 
and Tolerance," Instructor, vol. 81, Jan., 
1946, pp. 1-4. Christ's Church established 
to teach the gospel plan. 

Harold B. Lee, "Why The Church?" 
Church News, Mar. 3, 194B, pp. 10, 12. The 
Church the power of God unto salvation. 

Charles A. CalHs, "Glorious Destiny to 
Preach Gospel," Church News, Oct. 13, 1945, 
pp. 8, 20. Church destined to evangelize 
the earth. 

Milton R. Hunter, "Most Important Duty 
to Preach Gospel," Church News, April 13, 
1946, pp. 10, 14. Missionary work is God's 

George Albert Smith, "The Church with 
Divine Authority," Church News, Sept. 28, 
1946, p. 1. Church established so men could 
receive divine ordinances and the gospel 

. Sidney B. Sperry, "The Church— A Di- 
vine Institution," Church News, Dec. 14, 
1946, pp. 10, 12. The Church, the institu- 
tion set up by God to lead and guide men 
to eternal salvation. 

George F. Richards, "Love of Mankind," 
Era, Nov., 1946. pp. 694, 758. The Savior's 
love for mankind shown in His plan of 
salvation as taught by the Church. 

Lesson 2. "Fishers of Men" 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., Conference Ad- 
dress, Era, vol. 48, May, 1945, pp. 293-294. 
A brief discussion on those who are in the 
service of the Lord. 

Russel B. Swensen, "Missionary Methods 
in the Early Christian Church," Instructor, 
vol. 82, May, 1947, pp. 218, 223. Methods 
and materials used by the early Christian 

David O. McKay, Conference Address, 
Church News, April 14, 1945, pp. 15, 20. 
Parables of Jesus discussed briefly with 
comments on the Pharisees and Sadducees. 

Stephen L Richards, "A Challenge to 
Missionary Service," Church News, Oct. 13, 
1945, p. 7. Our mission to preach the gospel. 

Charles A, Callis, "Glorious Destiny to 
Preach Gospel," Church News, Oct. 13, 1945, 
pp. 8, 20. Our church, a world-wide church ; 
our mission, to preach the gospel to all. 

Levi Edgar Young, "Palestine in the days 
of the Savior," Era, Aug.. 1944, pp. 484- 
485. Palestine described. 

Albert E. Bowen, "The Son of God," 
Church News, Jan. 1, 1944, p. 11. Jesus 
chose humble men for his ministry. 

Lesson 3. In the Service of the Lord 
Albert E. Bowen. "The Son of God," Era, 

vol. BO, May, 1947. pp. 272-273. Jesus em- 
phasized the supremacy of the spirit. 

Mark E. Petersen, "On Sustaining Au- 
thority." Era, vol, 48, May. 1945. pp. 254- 
255. The Master said that whosoever would 
receive His authorized servants would re- 
ceive Him. 

Marion G. Romney, Conference Address, 
Era, vol. 48, May, 1945, pp. 302-304. What 
is expected of members of the Church. 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., S. S. Conference 
Address, Instructor, vol. 81, June, 1946, pp. 
277-278. Righteous living assures help from 
the Lord when it is needed. 

Thomas C. Romney, "The Missionary 
Work of the Church — Its Contribution to 
the Church and Its Individual Members," 
R. S. Mag., vol. 32, Sept., 1945, p. 515. Mis- 
sionary services today and in Christ's day 

Mark E. Petersen, Conference Address, 
Church News, April 14. 1945, p. 17. Those 
who are for the Lord, against Him, or in- 

Albert E. Bowen, "Significance of Belief 
Discussed," Church News, Oct. 13, 1946, pp. 
7, 13. Complete acceptance necessary, not 
mere lip service. 

David O. McKay, Conference Address, 
Church News^ Oct. 13, 1945, p. 19. On being 
worthy missionaries. 

Franklin L. West, "The Great Refusal," 
Church News, March 2, 1946, pp. 10, 12. 
Seeking eternal riches discussed. 

Franklin L. West, "Principles of Prog- 
ress," Church News, May 4, 1946, p. 10. 
Jesus instructed his followers to seek first 
the kingdom of Gdd. 

Matthew Cowley, "Seek Ye First the 
Kingdom of God," Era, Nov., 1946, pp. 706- 
707. Joy found throu^ work in the service 
of Christ. 


The Restored Church At Work 

Chapter 1. Eternal Progression 

John A. Widtsoe, "The Objective of Life," 
Church News, Jan. 29, 1944, pp. 10, 12. 
Eternal progression ultimate objective of 

John A. Widtsoe, "The Power of De- 
sire," Church News, Feb. 19, 1944, pp. 10, 
12. Earnest, expressed desire lies behind 
all progress. 

John A. Widtsoe, "Leavening Doctrines 
of Joseph Smith," Church News, May 20, 
1944, pp. 14, 16. Man is a pre-existent be- 
ing, existence is purposeful and kindred 
subjects discussed. 

Le Grand Richards, "Seek the Kingdom 
of God," Era, vol. 48, Nov., 1946, pp. 659, 
678. Duties of Latter-day Saints discussed. 

Milton R. Hunter, Conference Address, 
Era, vol. 48, Nov., 1945, pp. 694-696. Eter- 
nal nature of man and eternal progression 




Sidney B. Sperry, "Eternal Values in 
the Teachings of the Church," Era, voL 50, 
Aug., 1947, pp. 509, 510. The Church em- 
phasizes the extreme importance of earth 
life in determining destiny hereafter. 

George F. Richards, "Obedienee, the Way 
to Exaltation," Era, vol. 50, Nov.. 1947, 
pp. 710, 760. Plan leading to exaltation 

Albert E. Bowen, "Working Out Our Own 
Salvation," Era, vol. 51, May, 1948, pp. 
280, 281. Each of us must do our own 
learning ; work out our own salvation. 

Levi Edgar Young, "Be Ye Therefore 
Perfect," Era, vol. 51, May, 1948. pp. 290, 
334. Divinity in man should make him 
strive for perfection. 

J. Eeuben Clark, Jr., "On the Way to 
Immortality and Eternal Life," Church 
News, Jan. 17, 1948. p. 2. Short discussion 
on eternal life and immortality. 

Charles A. Callis, "The Eternal Years," 
Era, vol. 47, August. 1947, p. 482. The eter- 
nal .plan discussed. 

Chapter 2. First Experience 

Joseph Fielding Smith. "The Eternity of 
the Family," Church News, Dec. 9, 1944, 
pp. 10. 12. Pre-mortal life discussed. 

Sidney B. Sperry, "The Pearl of Great 
Price and Its Outstanding Teachings," 
Church News, Feb. 22, 1947, pp. 10, 12. 
The Pearl of Great Price teaches a pre- 

Hugh B. Brown, "Man and Freedom," 
Church News, Nov. 1, 1947, p. 10. Pre- 
existence and foreordination discussed. 

Hugh B. Brown, "The Christ Child," 
Caiurch News, Jan. 3, 1948. p. 11. The 
Savior championed free agency in pre- 
mortal life. 

Spencer W. Kimball. "My Eedeemer 
Lives Eternally," Era, vol. 50, Nov., 1946, 
pp. 703, 732. The Savior in the eternal 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., "The Question 
Every Soul Asks," Church News, Feb. 21, 
1948. Scriptures point out that we are 
eternal beings. 

T. Edgar Lyon, "Man's Pre-Earth Life," 
R. S. Mag., vol. 33, July, 1946, pp. 495-498. 
Pre-existence discussed and explained. 

Don B. Colton, "Pre-existence and Fore- 
ordination of Christ." R, S. Mag., vol. 34, 
July, 1947, pp. 485-488. Free agency fun- 
damental plan of the gospel, given us by 
the Savior before our earth life. 

George Albert Smith, "Origin of Man 
and Prophecy Fulfilled," Church News, 
April 8, 1945, pp. 8, 13. Scriptural quota- 
tions on the eternal plan and prophecy 

Chapter 3. We Continue the Course 

John A. Widtsoe, "Is there Guidance in 
Life?" Church News, Feb. 5, 1944, pp. 10, 
12. Guidance in life depends upon our 
obedience to every truth known to us. 

"President Clark Urges Youth of Church 


to Develop all Talents," Church News, 
May 3, 1947, pp. 1, 5. Youth urged to de- 
velop talents and seek the kingdom of God. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "The Purpose of 
Earth Life and the Place of Education," 
Church News, May 31, 1947, pp. 1, 8. Pur- 
poses of life discussed. 

Editorial, "How to Choose Eight," 
Church- News, June 28, 1947, p. 1. Earth 
life a testing ground. 

Hugh B. Brown, "The Word of God," 
Church News, Nov. 8, 1947, p. 11. Life 
on earth calls for intelligent action, in- 
domitable courage and unfaltering faith. 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., "Except Ye Be- 
come as Little Children," Church News, 
Jan. 24, 1948, p. 2. Seeking and living 
truths that will lead to immortality. 

Heber J. Grant, "How To Be Saved," 
Era, vol. 48, March 1945, p. 123. Keeping 
Ihe commandments of God will save us. 

T. Edgar Lyon, "The Abundant Life, 
Here and Hereafter," R. S. Mag., vol. 33, 
Jan., 1947, pp. 65-68. Living the gospel 
here and hereafter. 

George Albert Smith, "Seek Ye First the 
Kingdom of God," Era, vol. 50, Oct, 1947, 
pp. 638, 639. Preparing for eternal happi- 
ness in the celestial kingdom. 

Harold B. Lee, "Spiritual Rebirth and 
Death," Era, vol. 50, Nov., 1947, pp. 716. 
752. Righteous living prepares us for eter- 
nal joy. 

Milton R. Hunter, "The Blessings of 
Eternal Life," Era, vol. 50, Nov., 1947, pp. 
732, 778. Living today so that tomorrow 
will not be marred. 

Bruce E. McConkie, "Now is the Day 
of Our Salvation," Era, vol. 51, May, 1948. 
pp. 295, 332. Our exaltation dependent upon 
living the gospel today. 

T. Edgar Lyon, "The General Gospel 
Plan," R. S. Mag., vol. 33, Aug., 1946, pp. 
566-569. Earth life a preparation for the 
next step in eternal progression. 

Chapter 4. Looking Forward 

John A. Widtsoe, "Can the Unseen World 
Be Known?" Church News, Jan. 8, 1944, 
pp. 10, 12. The unseen world a reality when 
people are spiritually in tune. 

John A. Widtsoe, "Eternal Hope," 
Church News, April 1, 1944, pp. 10, 12. 
Discussion on conditions in life after death. 

Sidney B. Sperry, "The Teaching Con- 
cerning Death, Judgment and the Here- 
after in the Book of Mormon," Church 
News, Feb. 8, 1947, pp. 10. 12. The Book of 
Mormon teachings on life after death. 

Harold B. Lee. "We Determine Our 
Place in Eternity," Church News, April 12, 
1947, pp. 6-16. Our place after death de- 
termined by our work here. 

Hugh B. Brown, "Immortality," Church 
News, Oct. 18, 1947, p. 11, "Immortality 
—Part II," Oct. 25, 1947, pp. 11. 12. A 
discourse on life after death. 

Editorial, "Working Out Our Salvation," 
Church News, Nov. 15, 1947. p. 1. Works 
and faith bring blessings here and here- 


Levi Edgar Young, "Man's Eternal Be- 
lief in Immortality," Era, vol. 48, Jan., 
1945, pp. 18, 19. The Egyptian, Hebrew and 
Christian idea of immortality. 

Charles A. Callis, "Heirs of the Prom- 
ises," Era, vol. 48, May, 1945, p. 250. Im- 
mortality briefly discussed. 

Joseph F. Merrill, "No one will Be Lost," 
Church News, Dec. 16, 1945, pp. 10, 12. 
Where we came from and where we go 
after death. 

W. Glenn Harmon, "Looking Forward," 
Era, vol. 49, Jan., 1946, pp. 18, 54. What 
people who keep the commandments can 
look forward to. 


Life in Ancient America — A Study of the 
Book of Mormon 

Chapter 1. From Whom They Descended 

Sidney B. Sperry, "The Pearl of Great 
Price and Its Outstanding Teachings," 
Church News. Feb. 22, 1947, pp. 10, 12. 
Great promises given to Abraham's des- 

Sidney B. Sperry, "The. Legacy of Jo- 
seph," Instructor, vol. 79, Jan., 1944, pp. 
17, 37. The legacy of Joseph discussed. 

Franklin S. Harris, Jr., "Civilizations 
of Ancient America," Church News, Aug. 
24, 1946, pp. 10, 12. Ancient American 
civilization discussed. 

Levi Edgar Young, "The American In- 
dian's Love for the Higher Life," Church 
News, Aug. 24, 1946, p. 10. Trace of fore- 
fathers beliefs in present Indian culture. 

Chapter 2. Patterns of Personality 

Franklin S. Harris, Jr., "Modern Prob- 
lems," Church News, July 13, 1946. pp. 6, 
8 ; July 20, 1946, p. 6. People of the Book 
of Mormon discussed. 

Franklin S. Harris, Jr., "Origin of the 
American Indians," Church News, Aug. 
17. 1946, p. 10; "Culture of the Book of 
Mormon People," Aug. 31, 1946, pp. 10, 12. 
Culture and origin of the Book of Mormon 
people discussed. 

Chapter 3. Structure and Purpose of the 
Book of Mormon 

Lowell L. Bennion, "The Book of Mor- 
mon a Guide to Religious Living," Instruc- 
tor, vol. 83, April, 1948, pp. 165-169. The 
brotherhood of man as taught by the Book 
of Mormon. 

Franklin S. Harris. Jr., "The Book of 
Mormon — Message and Evidences," Church 
News, July C, 1946, pp. 6, 8 ; "Prosperity 
and Happiness," Aug. 3, 1946, pp. 6, 8 : 
"The Book of Mormon and the Bible," Aug. 
10, 1946, pp. 10, 12; "Ancient Records on 
Metal Plates," Sept. 7, 1946. pp. 10, 12; 
"The English of the Book of Mormon," 
Sept. 14, 1946, pp. 10, 12; "The Book of 
Mormon as Literature," Sept. 21, 1946, pp. 

10, 12 ; "Summary of Evidences for the 
Book of Mormon," Nov. 2, 1946. pp. 10, 
12. Discussions on the purpose of the Book 
of Mormon. 

Sidney B. Sperry, "Nature and Origin 
of Scripture," Church News, Nov. 23, 1946, 
pp. 10, 12. Book of Mormon discussed. 

Leiand H. Monson. "The Structure of the 
Book of Mormon," Era, vol. 49, July, 1946, 
pp. 436, 474. Structure of the Book of 
Mormon discussed. 

Sidney B. Sperry, "The Concept of God 
in the Book of Mormon," Church News, 
Jan. 25, 1947, pp. 10, 12. The Book of Mor- 
mon testifies of the Father and the Son. 

Sidney B. Sperry, "Personal Religion 
and Brotherhood in the Book of Mormon," 
Church News, Feb. 1, 1947, p. 10. Driving 
force of the Book of Mormon prophets both 
moral and religious. 

Lowell L. Bennion, "The Book of Mor- 
mon — A Guide to Religious Living," In- 
structor, vol. 83, Jan., 1948, pp. 16-18. How 
to read the Book of Mormon. 

Chapter 5. In the Valley of Lemuel 

Leiand H. Monson, "Then an angel 
Whispered," Church News, Jan. 27, 1945, 
p. 15. Obtaining the brass plates. 

Ariel L. Crowley, "Lehi's River Laman," 
Era, vol. 47, Jan., 1944, pp. 14, 15. Lehi's 
family in the wilderness. 


Good Tidings to all People 

Chapter 1. Peace on Earth 

Milton Bennion, "The Prince of Peace," 
Instructor, vol, 82, Dec, 1947. pp. 549, 550. 
Good will, if practiced, will bring peace. 

Spencer W. Kimball, "Foundations for 
Peace," Era, vol. 48, Nov.. 1945, pp. 660, 
661. The foundation for peace is righteous- 

Matthew Cowley, "Simple Faith in God 
Will Bring Peace to All Nations." Church 
News, Oct. 11, 1947, pp. 8, 18. Faith in 
God will bring peace. 

Chapter 2. Growth, a Personal Accomplish- 

John A. Widtsoe, "Education Among 
Latter-day Saints," Church News, Dec. 20, 
1947, p. 6. Spiritual growth discussed. 

Chapter 3. Freedom Brings the Possibility 
of Temptation 

Milton Bennion, "Education for Free- 
dom." Instructor, vol. 82, April, 1947, pp. 
163-155. Freedom has a variety of mean- 

John A. Widtsoe, "Elvidences and Rec- 
onciliations," Era, vol. 48, Oct., 1945, pp. 
585, 586. The right to choose — the choicest 

Editorial, "Why Be Free?" Church News, 
April 21, 1945, p. 2. Freedom permits men 



to try themselves and in time become like 

Melehizedek Priesthood Section, "Con- 
tribution to Liberty and Freedom," Church 
News, July 5, 1947, pp. 2, 12. Live by truth 
and resist error to be free. 

Hugh B. Brown, "Man and Freedom," 
Church News, Nov. 1, 1947, p. 10. Freedom 
of choice implies that man's progress de- 
pends upon individual effort. 

Chapter 4. Teachable in Thinrs of the 

Harold B. Lee, "The Constitution for a 
Perfect Life," Church News, Feb. 24, 1945, 
Sp- 14, 16. The Beatitudes, a constitution 
for a perfect life. 

Editorial, "Those Who Moui*!!," Church 
News, Oct. 13, 1945, p. 1. Those who mourn 
will be comforted. 

Russel B. Swensen, "Blessed Are They 
That Mourn," Instructor, vol. 80, Oct., 
1945, pp. 472, 476. The teachings of Jesus 
regarding those who mourn. 

Chapter 5. The Habit of Being Poor in 

Harold B. liCe, "Ideals," Church News, 
Feb. 10, 1945, pp. 14, 16. Men's minds 
should not be closed to the truth. 

Russel B. Swensen, "Blessed Are the 
Meek," Instructor, vol. 80, Sept., 1945, pp. 
418, 422. The Beatitude on the meek dis- 

Franklin L. West, "The Dignity of 
Man," Church News, Feb. 2, 1946, pp. 10, 
12. Man's estimate of himself determines 
peace of mind and success. 


The Latter-day Saint Family 

Chapter 1, Latter-day Saint Ideals in 
Marriage and Family Life 

Milton Bennion, "Brides and Roses," 
Instructor, vol. 82, June, 1947, pp. 249-251. 
A brief general discussion on marriage. 

"The Family in the Gospel Plan— The 
Family Unit Eternal," R. S. Mag., vol. 33, 
July, 1946, pp. 500-503. The divine institu- 
tion of marriage, marriage for eternity and 
kindred Subjects discussed. 

Editorial, "God's Mode of Marriage," 
Church News, April 6, 1946, p. 1. Discussion 
On temple marriagfe. 

Sidney B. Sperry, "Marriage, the Home 
and th^ Family," Church News, Dec. 21, 
1946, pp. 10-12. Marriage is ordained of 
God, . 

David O. McKay, "Marriage and Di- 
vorce," Era, vol. 48, May. 1945, pp. 238-239, 
314. The sacredness of marriage discussed. 

Richard L. Evans, "The Question of Mar- 
riage,"^ Era. vol. 48. Aug., 1945, p. 458. 
Marriage is a sacred covenant. 


John A. Widtsoe, "Religion and Marri- 
age," Church News, April 22, 1944, pp. 10, 
12. Marriage is for the good of man. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "A Most Vital 
Principle, Marriage," Era, Nov., 1946. vol. 
49, pp. 695, 714. The importance of mar- 
riage in the Church discussed. 

Russel B. Swensen, "Jesus' Teachings 
on Marriage and the Family," Instructor, 
Nov., 1945. vol. 80. pp. 528-532. What Jesus 
taught regarding marriage and the family 

Chapter 2. The Family in Trouble 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "Hearken to 
Counsel," R. S. Mag., vol. 33, Dec, 1946, 
pp. 805-808, 843. Discussion of modern con- 
ditions that influence family life. 

Joseph F. Merrill, "Forces of Evil Ram- 
pant Throughout the Earth," Church News, 
April 13, 1946, p. 6. Growing evils in the 
Church call for repentance and closer ad- 
herence to gospel standards. 

David 0. McKay, "Safeguards Against 
the Delinquency of Youth," Era, vol. 49, 
Nov., 1946, pp. 690-691, 740. The war and 
post-war periods characterized by glaring 
evils which must be curbed if Christian 
ideals are preserved. 

Chapter 3. Heredity and Marriage 

FranTclin L. West. "Intelligent Court- 
ship," Church News, May 11, 1946, pp. 10, 
12. _ A brief discussion on inheriting bio- 
logical characteristics. 

Harold B. Lee, "Youth of a Noble Birth- 
right," Church News, May 12, 1945, pp. 10, 
12. Our heritage iscussed. 

Chapter 4. Personality Development 

"The Family in the Gospel Plan — ^The 
Importance of Child Training," R. S. Mag., 
vol. 33, Oct., 1946, pp. 712, 717. Essentials 
in child training discussed. 

David O. McKay, "Safeguards Against 
the Delinquency of Youth," Church News, 
Oct. 12, 1946, pp. 3, 20; and Era, vol. 49. 
Nov., 1946, pp. 690-691, 740. Neglect of 
children brings trouble and sorrow. 

David O. McKay, "Marriage and Di- 
vorce," Era, vol. 48, May, 1945, pp. 238- 
239, 314. Fundamental principles in child 

Asahel D. Woodruff. "Developing Emo- 
tional Maturity," Church News, July 15, 
1944._ p. 2. Ways of helping children develop 
emotionally discussed. 

Harold B. Lee, "Problems of Youth," 
Church News, Jan. 20_, 1945, pp. 10, 12. 
Growth comes from facing and overcoming 

Harold B. Lee, "Parents of Tomorrow's 
Youth," Church News, Jan. 27, 1945, pp. 
14, 16. The lessons of today become the 
deeds of tomorrow. 


Chapter 5. Understandin^r Men and Women 

John A. Widtaoe, "Pioneer Women 
Praised for their Share in Building West," 
Church News, October 11, 1947, p. 12. Stam- 
ina of women extolled and comments on 
their being a balance wheel in society. 

Asahel D. Woodruff, "Developing Satis- 
factory Boy-Girl Relationships," Church 
News, July 1, 1944, pp. 2, 7. Relations with 
the opposite sex discussed. 


boctrine and Covenants Studies 

Chapter 1. The Voice of the Lord to All 

Marianne C. Sharp, "Introductory Lesson 
to Literature of the Doctrine and Cove- 
nants." R. S. Mag., vol. 34, July, 1947, 
pp. 493-496. A brief account of the coming 
forth of the Doctrine and Covenants. 

John A. Widtsoe, "Evidences and Recon- 
ciliations," Era, vol. 48, May, 1945, pp. 
273, 280. T'estimony retained by study. 

George F. Richards, "On Keeping the 
Commandments," Era, vol. 48, Nov., 1945, 
pp. 642, 676. Necessity of keeping the 
commandments discussed. 

George Albert Smith, "Seek Ye First 
the Kingdom of God," Era, vol. 50, Oct., 
1947, pp. 638, 690: "Keep the Command- 
ments," vol. 51, May, 1948, pp. 269, 328. 
Church members urged to keep the com- 

John A. Widtsoe, "Facing the Judg- 
ment," Church News, March 4, 1944, pp. 
14, 16. We must pay the price for what 
we obtain. 

Editorial, "Blessings of Obedience," 
Church News, Sept. 13, 1947, p. 1. A brief 
statement of blessings that come from 

Chapter 2. Predicted Advent of Elijah the 

Archibald F. Bennett, "A Century of 
Sacred Service," Era, vol. 50, July, 1947, 
pp. 461, 491. Work for the dead a necessary 
part of our gospel. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "Elijah's Mission 
to the World," Era, vol. 51, May, 1948, pp. 
277, 315. An article on the mission of 

John A. Widtsoe, . "Eternal Hope," Church 
News, April 1, 1944, pp. 10, 12. Salvation 
for the dead discussed. 

Joseph F. Merrill, "No One Will Be 
Lost," Church News, Dec. 22, 1945, pp. 10, 
12. Temple work for the dead commented 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "The Coming of 
Elijah," Church News, Oct. 7, 1944, pp. 14, 
16; "The Evidence of Elijah's Coming," 
Oct. 14, 1944, p. 9. The mission and com- 
ing of Elijah discussed. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "Salvation for 
the Dead," Church News, Nov. 18, ,1944, 
pp. 14, 16. Salvation for the dead 'is a 
merciful plan of our Heavenly Father. 

J. Reuben Clark; Jr., "Salvation for the 
Dead," Church News, June 27, 1948, p. 19. 
No soul shall be without salvation except 
by his own choice. 

Chapter 3. Qualifications for the Ministry 

John A. Widtsoe, "Full Service," Era, 
vol. 48, May, 1945, pp. 248, 304. Half- 
hearted service in the Lord's work will 
not suffice. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "The Sin of In- 
gratitude," Era, vol, 50, Nov., 1947, pp. 
711, 761. The gratitude we owe to the 
Savior discussed. 

Richard L. Evans, "Accepting Respon- 
sibility in the Church," Era, vol. 50, Nov., 
1947, pp. 730, 776. Participation in Church 
activities desirable for the individual and 
for the Church. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "Our Perpetual 
Debt," Era, vol. 47, May, 1944, pp. 276, 
323. We owe a debt of gratitude to the 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "The Foundation 
of All Righteousness, Church News, Oct. 
21, 1944, pp. 10, 12. Faith is the founda- 
tion of all righteousness. 

Hugh B. Brown, "First Principles — I," 
Church News, Dec. 6. 1947, pp. 11, 12. 
Faith is a necessity in human life. 

Chapter 4. Qualifications for the Ministry 

Milton Bennion, "Missionary Service," 
Instructor, vol. 82, July, 1947, pp. 297-, 
299. Missionary Service briefly discussed. 

Ezra Taft Benson, "The Importance of 
Missionary Work," Era, vol. 48, May, 1945., 
pp. 254, 307. Missionary work an obliga- 
tion of our Church. 

Le_ Grand Richards, "The Value of 
Missionary Experience," Era, vol. 48, May, 
1945, pp. 260, 318. Qualiflcations for. misr 
sidnaries bi-iefly discussed. 

Albert E. Bowen, "Faith in Christ Es- 
sential," Era, vol. 50, Nov., 1947, pp. 715, 
76S. Necessity for "faith in God discussed. 

Clifford B. Young, "Walk by Faith," 
vol. 51, Era, May, 1948, pp. 289, 333. Living 
by faith discussed. 

Ezra T. Benson, Conference Address, 
Church News, April 14, 1945, p. 9. Mis- 
sionary work is an obligation of our church. 

Bruce R. McConkie, "Seventies of Church 
Called to Stand Forth as Special Witnesses 
of Christ," Church News, April 13, 1946, p. 
1. Responsibilities of missionaries out- 

S. Dilworth Young, "Faith," Church 
News, Jan. 19, 1946, pp. 10, 12. Faith in 
God a qualification for the minbtry. 


junior Sunday School 




Activity followed by relaxation 
■^ Is the pattern of all Uving 
things, for life flows between the 
two states of tension and release. 
Activity and inactivity, work and 
rest, tension and relaxation form 
the rhythm of each day's Uving, 
and wise is the teacher who pro- 
vides for this condition in her plan 
for the Jimior Sunday School class 
period. "When she plans well, the 
relaxation period generates a dy- 
namic force for the action to fol- 
low and a perfect balance between 
work and rest is achieved. As much 
as anything else, this balance is 
necessary to a satisfying lesson hour, 
for by his very nature of intense 
activity the young child demands 

Span of Attention. It is common 
knowledge that the attention span 
of an individual increases as he 
matvures. We are not as well in- 
formed, however, on the limits of 
this span with varying children, 
with varying age groups, and in 
varying situations. For example, a 
sitting-still span of attention is of 
much shorter duration than when 
the task at hand allows the child to 
move about looking at books, draw- 
ing, building, participating in dra- 

matic play and making many of his 
own decisions. A safe sitting-stlU 
attention span would seem to be 
about ten minutes for children five 
and six years old, fifteen minutes 
for children seven, eight, and nine 
years old. In any situation, the 
teacher needs to remember that in 
attention, muscles are contracted 
and will shortly need the change 
of activity and rest. She will know 
when individuals and the group are 
ready for this change as she observes 
their movement characteristics. 
Signs of weariness which children 
exhibit are: slumping in their chairs, 
bothering their neighbors, inatten- 
tion, and semi-sleepiness. 

Techniques for Kelaxafion Periods. 
In planning rest intervals, the 
teacher of young children will pro- 
vide games and exercises which oc- 
cupy only about three or four min- 
utes to play, knowing that the fre- 
quency of rest rather than pro- 
longed rest periods is what Is need- 
ed. She will move from the lesson 
to the game with as Uttle break in 
thought and spirit of the hour as 
possible; and at the conclusion of 
the rest period as gracefully return 
the group to the lesson. This can 
be accomplished through quiet 


speaking, the choice of a quiet con- 
cluding activity, and such play 
comments as, "I can't hear you 
move your chairs for you are slid- 
ing them on soft snow." 

Meeting toileting and drinking 
needs often supply a fine opportu- 
nity for change of activity. Young 
children drink and toilet about six 
or seven times during their waking 
day; at least one of these periods 
will come during, the Sunday School 
period and should be planned for 
by the teacher. 

In planning activities of rest, it 
is Well to keep in mind that pro- 
vision needs to be made for tired 
muscles to be pulled, stretched, and 
then rested. Any games or exercises 
that accomplish this end will 
achieve the desired result. There 
follows examples of such activities: 

(a) Arrange the chairs into a 
larger circle so children can walk, 
skip, or run around their own chair, 
the circle, or weave in and out the 
chairs walking on tip-toe, on their 
heels, pretend to pull a wagon, 
walk as tired people do or as rested 
folks do, etc. 

(b) Children can stand before 
their chairs and pretend to throw 
a ball high into the air, catch a ball 
high in the air, stand as if their 
heads almost touched the ceiling, 
pick up a ball and toss it into the 
air, etc. 

(c) Groups of children can run 
quietly across the room as if blown 
by a quiet wind, pull a sled up a 
hill, play see-saw with each other, 
one throw an imaginary ball which 
another has to reach to catch. 

(d) With the chairs in a row 
children can row out to sea, swim 
to the ocean, pick up a make- 
believe ball and toss it over their 

(e) In a line children can walk 
or run up and try to touch a mark 
on the wall, stretch up to almost 
touch with the top of the head a 
cardboard which the teacher holds. 

(f) Children can play singing 
games as "Here We Go Round the 
Mulberry Bush," "This is the Way 
We Wash Our Clothes," "Do This, 
Do That," etc., with child leaders 
and in a dozen ways. 

(g) At the conclusion of a more 
vigorous activity, children can drop 
quietly onto their chairs like leaves, 
soft rain, or feathers falling; while 
sitting melt like a candle or a snow 
man, or curl up like a kitten (head 
on knees) and go to sleep. 

The teacher will then observe 
the extent to which individual 
children are learning to rest and she 
will say, "Do you feel just Hke a 
rag doll?" or "Are your fingers 
asleep?" She will watch for the 
signs of rest, which are: head 
dropped, eyes closed, arms and legs 
limp, a sleeping posture. 

As she brings the children back 
from such a rest period to the les- 
son, a finger play for young chil- 
dren, or a surprise element or ac- 
tivity for older ones will quickly 
catch the class's attention and carry 
them into group status. She will 
often say, "How well you sit. I 
know you are ready," or "Children 
sit up high, feet on the floor, head 
in the sky." 



The Role of the Teacher. Only a 
poised, relaxed teacher can help 
children achieve that nice balance 
between tension and rest which 
leads to abundant living. She will 
be rested herself, have had break- 
fast, know the keen joy of a pre- 
pared, alert mind which can match 
the enthusiasm of her yoimg pupils 
as she gives the lesson and add in- 
teresting content to a movement 
designed to rest her young pupils. 
She will be alert with ideas as to 
how to coach an activity as it goes 
forward and ever be a watchful 
student of creative ways to rest and 
learn. Her own well-being will 
shine through her behavior for she 
will (a) take pleasure herself in 
bodily movement; (b) be free 
from irritability, poor posture, 
overactivity, and other signs of 
fatigue; (c) have an alert interest in 
all that goes on in her class; (d) 
be self-confident and have a posi- 
tive attitude toward difficulties; 
(e) be interested in the world about 
her; (f) be cheerful, happy, and 
of a social disposition. 

Interesting Books With Suggestions 
for Rest Periods. 

Dixon C. MadeUne, Children Are 
Like That, John Day Company, 

Dixon C. Madeline, High, Wide, 
and Deep, John Day Company, 

— Eva May Green 

Next month's article, and the 
last in this series will deal with pro- 
viding for adults who visit the 
Junior Sunday School classroom. 



(See page 533 for prelude and 
postlude to use with gem.) 

Jesus, Savior, I love Thee 
And I'll quiet be 
As I take the Sacrament 
I'll remember Thee. 


The following materials may be 
used in any of the departments of 
the Junior Sunday School: 

The rhythm and rhyme of poetry 
provide an interesting means of 
presenting an idea and painting a 

Evening Song 

I hear no voice, I feel no touch, 

I see no glory bright; 
But yet I know that God is near, 

In darkness as in Hght. 

He watches ever by my side. 
And hears my whispered prayer; 

The Father for His little child 
Both day and night doth care. 


Yellow the bracken. 

Golden the sheaves. 
Rosy the apples. 

Crimson the leaves, 
Mist on the hillside, 

Clouds gray and white. 
Autumn, good morning! 

Summer, good night! 


J ack-O' -Lantern 

A smiling, 
Golden yellow. 
Jolly fellow — 

Auiuinn Fires 

Sing a song o£ seasons! 

Something bright in all! 
Flowers in the summer, 

Fires in the fall! 

— Robert Louis Stevenson 


Witches will be riding by 

On their broomsticks in the sky. 
Goblins will be dressed in white 

On that dark and chilly night. 

A Rainy Day 
(Rest exercise) 

Rain, rain, go away. 

(Rain-drops run away) 
Come again another day, 

(a child's name) wants to 

(The given child runs out to play.) 

(Continued frovi page 532) 
Concordance of the Book of Mor- Generally the meaning of the sub 

mon, by George Reynolds, George 
Reynolds, 1900. This book is now 
out of print but can be a very val- 
uable aid to those who have access 
to it. 

Concordance to the Doctrine and 
Covenants, by John V. Bluth, Des- 
eret Book Company, 1945. Obtain- 

able at Deseret Book Company pany ($.75). 

ing the past years, several authors 
have performed a great service for 
Sunday School teachers by compil- 
ing reference guides on gospel sub- 
jects that can be of invaluable as- 
sistance to the Sunday School teach- 
er as well as to the student of the 
gospel. These volumes generally 
have the references arranged ac- 
cording to subject matter in an 
order decided upon by the author. 

ject matter in the quotation deter- 
mines its location and alphabetical 
arrangement is ignored. Listed be- 
low are the ones in greatest use to- 

Bible Ready References, Church 
Of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, 1917, Deseret Book Com- 

Ccmibination References, by El- 
don Ricks, Deseret Book Company, 
1943, Deseret Book Company 

Gospel Quotations y by Henry H. 
Rolapp, The Deseret Book Company 
1936, Deseret Book Company 

L.D.S. Scriptures, by Gilbert 
Charles Orme, Bookcraft, 1947, 
Deseret Book Company ($4.50). — 
/. Holman Waters 



A business executive was reading 
his paper in the evening while his 
wife knitted. "You might read to 
me while I knit," she said. 

"Why don't you knit to me 
while I read?" he suggested. 

"I had a fall last night, and re- 
mained unconscious for nearly eight 

"Good gracious! And walking 
around as usual today?" 

"Yes, It didn't injure me in the 
least; fact is, I rather enjoyed it." 

"Strange! How did you fall?" 


S> iiT il' 

"Do you make life-size enlarge- 
ments from snapshots?" asked the 
demure girl. 

"Certainly, Miss," said the pho- 
tographer. "That's our specialty." 

"Well," said the girl, "see what 
you can do with this picture of the 
grand canyon." 

— Girlhood Days 

Little Eddie was almost through 
his nightly prayer. "Bless my papa, 
bless my mamma, bless Aunt Jenny, 
and please make Ogden the capital 
of Utah. Amen," he concluded. 

"Why Eddie!" exclaimed his 
mother, deeply shocked. "Why on 
earth did you say such a thing?" 

"Because," explained Eddie, snug- 
gling down under his blanket, "I 
put that on my examination paper 

Teacher: "George, give me a 
sentence using the word amphtbu 


George: "Yassum. Mos' fish 
stories am fibious." 


God accepts repentance for all 
sins, except the sin of imposing a 
bad name upon another. 

Do not praise a man if he deserves 
it not, for thus will thou cause him 

The ideal man has strength of a 
male and the compassion of a female. 

What is the sign of a foolish man? 
He talks too much. 

The eyes and ears of man are not 
always dependent upon man's will- 
power, but a man's tongue is always 
dependent upon his will. 

Silence Is restful. It gives rest 
to the heart, the lungs, the larynx, 
the tongue, the lips, and the mouth. 

A river filled with water does not 
freeze as quickly as a river with lit- 
tle water. (The thoroughly learned 
will not grow cold to religion like 
the half -learned.) 

It Is the way of a dog that If he 
is hit by a stone, he bites a fellow 

Sinful kindness: he who does a 
good deed In order to be honored, 
and to praise himself thereby. 

— ^Judah ben Samuel he-Hasid 
("the Pious"), 13th century. 

*An anthology by Lewia Browne, Ran- 
dom House, New York. Used by permission. 

movement. Beginning at Manti, he later took up the work at American 
Fork, and finally went into the seminary at Granite High School, where 
he remained until he was made field supervisor of all the Church seminaries. 

Twice during his life. Brother Bramwell was a stake superintendent 
of Sunday Schools. Once he was head of a branch Sunday School. On 
numerous occasions, he taught Gospel Doctrine classes. He was the first 
bishop of the Hillcrest Ward in Salt Lake City, and for years directed the 
religion classes in the Granite and Grant stakes. 

Married to Zilpha Holman in 1896, he was aided in all his labors by 
this devoted wife, who in addition to rearing a large family, helped him 
in the preparation of his two books, Why I Believe and The Exalted JJfe. 
Brother Bramwell died August 17, 1945. — Ezra J. Poulsen 


H. Aldous Dixon 
A. Parley Bates 
William P. Miller 
Addie L. Swapp 


Gerrit de Jong 
J, Holman Waters 
Hugh B. Brown 
Henry Eyring 
William E. Berrctt 

A. William Lund 
Thomas L. Martin 
Archibald F. Bennett 

Carl F. Eyring 
Don B. Colton 
Richard B. Folland 


Don B. Colton 

A. William Lund 

Richard E. Folland 
(Check-up and Follow-up) 

David Lawrence McKay 

Thomas L. Martin 

A. Parley Bates 

Inez Witbeck 

W. Lowell Castleton 

t Hoi man Waters 
uey G. Sperry 
Earl J. Glade 

Lesson Departments 

Earl J. Glade 
Leiand H. Monson 
Carl J. Christensen 


Ralph B. Keeler 

David Lawrence McKay 

Wallace F. Bennett 
Wendell J. Ashton 
Edith Ryberg 
W. Lowell Castleton 


(same as Advanced 

Kenneth S. Bennion 
Inez Witbeck 
Nellie H. Kuhn 

Special Committees 

Wendell J. Ashton 
Claribel W. Aldous 


Wendell J. Ashton 
J. Holman Waters 
Lorna Call Alder 

Adam S. Bennion 
Eva May Green 
Marion G. Merkley 
A, Le Roy Bishop 

Alexander Schceiner 
Vernon J. LeeMastcr 
Lowell M. Durham 


A. Le Roy Bishop 
Lucy G. Sperry 
Melba Glade 

Eva May Green 


Margaret Ipson 
Harel Fletcher Young 

Lorna Call Alder 
Claribel W. Aldous 
Hazel W. Lewis 


Marie Fox Felt 
Addie L. Swapp 

Florence S. Allen 
Beth Hooper 


Leiand H. Monson, 
Book of Mormon 

Thomas L. Martin, 
Old Testament 

Carl F. Eyring, 
New Testament 

A. William Lund, 
Church History 

Archibald F. Bennett, 

Don B. Colton, 

Church Doctrine 

rp Ernest Bramwell lives in the hean 
of thousands. His lifelong career a 
a teacher and religious leader, which tool 
him from Canada on the north to Arizori i 
on the south, is a beautiful example: ot 
devotion to duty. 

As a young man of unusual promisi. 
he emerged from the University of Utah 
after completing his law course. Prorapth 
passing the bar examination, he embarked 
upon what everyone who knew him ej 
pected to be a brilliant legal career. 

But just then he was asked to act as 
principal of one of the Church schools 
It must have taken a great struggle to 
make the decision which followed. But 
he chose the course which reveals one of 
the outstanding traits of his character. 
He gave up his own personal ambition, 
and accepted the call of duty 

Accordingly, in 1907, he moved with his family to Paris, Idaho, 
where he took charge of the Fielding Academy. Three years later^ he was 
asked to go to Raymond, Canada and open the Knight Academy. Then, 
after a period of educational pioneering in the far north, we find him 
next at the head of the Snowflake Academy in Arizona. In the fall of 
1915, he went to Snow college, then a Church school, and functioned 
as head of the English department. 

By this time, the Church began opening up the seminary system, and 
Brother Bramwell was chosen as one of the men to develop this great 

: — more on other side